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Morris
City of Morris
City of Morris, MN, USA Logo.png
Nickname(s): 
Motown
Motto(s): 
"It starts here.", "There's More in Morris!"
Location of Morriswithin Stevens County and state of Minnesota
Location of Morris
within Stevens County and state of Minnesota
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Stevens
Founded by Charles F. Morris
Government
 • Type Weak mayor–council
Area
 • Total 4.90 sq mi (12.70 km2)
 • Land 4.70 sq mi (12.17 km2)
 • Water 0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)
Elevation
1,132 ft (345 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 5,286
 • Estimate 
(2019)
5,333
 • Density 1,134.92/sq mi (438.19/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
56267
Area code(s) 320
FIPS code 27-44242
GNIS feature ID 0648116
Website www.ci.morris.mn.us

Morris is a city in Stevens County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 5,286 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat.

Morris is surrounded by some of the nation's richest agricultural land, and agribusiness is important to the local economy. Headquartered in Morris, Riverview LLP is Minnesota's largest dairy milking operation and one of the largest in the nation. Other large economic contributors are beef feedlots and swine producers, manufacturing, education, and healthcare industries.

The town is home to the University of Minnesota Morris (UMM), part of the University of Minnesota system. It was established as a public college in 1960 on the grounds of a former industrial school for Native Americans. Today the campus has a population of approximately 1,900 and is ranked as a "Top 10 Public Liberal Arts College" by U.S. News & World Report and one of "America's Top Colleges" by Forbes.

History

Morris was platted in 1869, and named for Charles A. Morris, a railroad official. A post office has been in operation at Morris since 1871. Morris was incorporated as a city in 1902.

The 1975 Morris earthquake occurred on July 9, and was the state's largest 21st-century earthquake, rated at 4.6 Mn. Eighteen years later, on June 4, 1993, another quake slightly shook the community. This one measured 4.1 in magnitude and ranks as the third-largest earthquake in Minnesota of the 1900s.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.02 square miles (13.00 km2); 4.80 square miles (12.43 km2) is land and 0.22 square miles (0.57 km2) is water. Lake Crystal is in the southwestern part of the town; the Pomme de Terre River flows through the town's eastern extremity. U.S. Highway 59 and Minnesota State Highways 9 and 28 are three of the main routes in the town.

Climate

Climate data for Morris, Minnesota (1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 19.7
(−6.8)
24.5
(−4.2)
36.7
(2.6)
54.8
(12.7)
68.3
(20.2)
77.0
(25.0)
81.2
(27.3)
79.6
(26.4)
71.0
(21.7)
56.9
(13.8)
38.6
(3.7)
23.7
(−4.6)
52.7
(11.5)
Average low °F (°C) 0.5
(−17.5)
5.7
(−14.6)
19.3
(−7.1)
33.2
(0.7)
45.7
(7.6)
55.8
(13.2)
59.7
(15.4)
56.9
(13.8)
47.2
(8.4)
34.3
(1.3)
20.9
(−6.2)
6.5
(−14.2)
32.1
(0.1)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.74
(19)
0.71
(18)
1.42
(36)
2.31
(59)
2.83
(72)
4.01
(102)
3.87
(98)
3.33
(85)
2.90
(74)
2.55
(65)
1.08
(27)
0.71
(18)
26.46
(673)
Source: NOAA


Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 743
1890 1,266 70.4%
1900 1,934 52.8%
1910 1,685 −12.9%
1920 2,320 37.7%
1930 2,474 6.6%
1940 3,214 29.9%
1950 3,811 18.6%
1960 4,199 10.2%
1970 5,366 27.8%
1980 5,367 0.0%
1990 5,613 4.6%
2000 5,068 −9.7%
2010 5,286 4.3%
2019 (est.) 5,333 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 5,286 people, 1,986 households, and 1,021 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,101.3 inhabitants per square mile (425.2/km2). There were 2,199 housing units at an average density of 458.1 per square mile (176.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.9% White, 1.3% African American, 1.5% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.

There were 1,986 households, of which 23.6% had children under age 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 48.6% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the city was 26.5. 17.7% of residents were under 18; 30.8% were between 18 and 24; 17.4% were from 25 to 44; 18.1% were from 45 to 64; and 16.1% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

West Central Research and Outreach Center

Besides UMM, Morris is also home to the West Central Research and Outreach Center, a division of the greater University of Minnesota's College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences. WCROC's faculty and staff study agronomy, soil science, livestock, horticulture, renewable energy and swine production.

WCROC is home to the University of Minnesota's Horticulture Gardens. During the last decade, the privately funded research gardens have gained increasing popularity as their design has increased in aesthetic appeal. Each summer, the gardens are host to thousands of visitors.

Prairie Pioneer Days

Prairie Pioneer Days is a family festival hosted by the Morris Area Chamber of Commerce every July. It includes many activities around town, including a parade, fireworks, and food and craft vendors.

Economy

Agribusiness contributes to the economy, as the region is still mostly rural. The state university is a major employer at its three facilities.

Manufacturer Superior Industries employs about 800 people at its two plants in town. A majority of Superior's workforce is skilled in engineering or fabrication. The company manufactures steel conveyors and storage tanks for industries handling dry bulk, fuels and gases. In 2008, Inc. magazine ranked Superior Industries as one of the fastest-growing private companies in the United States.

Higher education

The University of Minnesota Morris (UMM) is one of five campuses in the University of Minnesota system. It was established as a public college in 1960, on the grounds of the Morris Industrial School for Indians, which had also operated as an agricultural school. UMM has an enrollment of about 1,900 students and 145 teaching faculty. Some 61 students made up the first graduating class in 1961. Since then, Morris has conferred more than 10,000 degrees.

West Central Research and Outreach Center
The Children's Garden at the West Central Research and Outreach Center, Morris.

Morris is home to the West Central Research and Outreach Center, a division of the greater University of Minnesota's College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences. WCROC's faculty and staff study agronomy, soil science, livestock, horticulture, renewable energy and swine production.

WCROC is home to the University of Minnesota's Horticulture Gardens. During the last decade, the privately funded research gardens have gained increasing popularity. Their design has increased in aesthetic appeal while maintaining a research base. Each summer, the gardens are host to thousands of visitors.

Transportation

The city owns and operates the Morris Municipal Airport. Until 1979, Morris was served by passenger rail at the Morris station.

Notable people

  • Dick Grace (1898–1965), Hollywood stunt pilot
  • Jim Hall, Free software advocate, best known for FreeDOS
  • Shirley A. Hokanson, Minnesota state legislator and social worker
  • Mike Morley, former professional golfer
  • PZ Myers, biologist and blogger
  • Trina Radke, Olympic swimmer
  • Aaron Schock, former United States Representative from Illinois (2009–2015)
  • Robert Ernest Strand, Minnesota state legislator and farmer
  • Royal A. Stone, Minnesota Supreme Court justice
  • Brett Winkelman, former basketball player for the North Dakota State Bison
  • Children 18:3, Christian punk rock band

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Morris (Minnesota) para niños

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