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Mound City
Pulaski County Courthouse
Pulaski County Courthouse
Location of Mound City in Pulaski County, Illinois
Location of Mound City in Pulaski County, Illinois
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 37°5′8″N 89°9′47″W / 37.08556°N 89.16306°W / 37.08556; -89.16306Coordinates: 37°5′8″N 89°9′47″W / 37.08556°N 89.16306°W / 37.08556; -89.16306
Country United States
State Illinois
County Pulaski
 • Total 0.73 sq mi (1.90 km2)
 • Land 0.68 sq mi (1.75 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.15 km2)
 • Total 588
 • Estimate 
 • Density 746.67/sq mi (288.17/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
Area code(s) 618
FIPS code 17-50751
Wikimedia Commons Mound City, Illinois

Mound City is a city located along the Ohio River just north of its confluence with the Mississippi River in Pulaski County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 588. It is the county seat of Pulaski County.


Mound City is located at 37°5′8″N 89°9′47″W / 37.08556°N 89.16306°W / 37.08556; -89.16306 (37.085624, -89.163054).

According to the 2010 census, Mound City has a total area of 0.729 square miles (1.89 km2), of which 0.67 square miles (1.74 km2) (or 91.91%) is land and 0.059 square miles (0.15 km2) (or 8.09%) is water. The majority of the Native American mounds for which the city was named have been destroyed by development and farming.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 898
1870 1,631 81.6%
1900 2,705
1910 2,837 4.9%
1920 2,756 −2.9%
1930 2,548 −7.5%
1940 2,465 −3.3%
1950 2,167 −12.1%
1960 1,669 −23.0%
1970 1,177 −29.5%
1980 1,102 −6.4%
1990 765 −30.6%
2000 692 −9.5%
2010 588 −15.0%
2019 (est.) 504 −14.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 588 people and 270 households. The racial makeup of the city was 44.39% White, 53.4% African American, a single Asian, three individuals from other races, and eight individuals from two or more races. There were nine people who were Hispanic or Latino of any race.


Mound City was incorporated in 1857 as a union of two cities; Mound City, founded by Major General Moses Marshal Rawlings, and Emporium City, a project of the Emporium Real Estate and Manufacturing Company, a group of Cincinnati and Cairo businessmen. The city took its name from a Native American mound on which guests at General Rawlings' hotel would sleep in summer, as the breezes cooled them and dispersed the mosquitoes.

The USS Cairo was built in 1861 by James Eads and Co., Mound City, Illinois, under contract to the United States Department of War. She was commissioned as part of the Union Army's Western Gunboat Flotilla, U.S. Navy Lieutenant James M. Prichett in command. She was a City-class ironclad gunboat constructed for the Union Navy during the American Civil War. She was the lead ship of the City-class gunboats, sometimes also called the Cairo class, and was named for Cairo, Illinois.

National Register of Historic Places

Notable people

  • Charlie Hoover, catcher for the Kansas City Cowboys
  • Katherine D. Tillman, writer
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