Mount Monadnock facts for kids
Rocky plateau on summit of Mount Monadnock
|Elevation||3,165 ft (965 m)|
|Prominence||2,150 ft (660 m)|
|Listing||#33 New England Fifty Finest|
|Location||Jaffrey / Dublin, Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States|
|Age of rock||400 million years|
|Mountain type||Littleton formation
|First ascent||1725 by Captain Samuel Willard|
|Easiest route||White Arrow Trail
2.3 mi (3.7 km)
Mount Monadnock, or Grand Monadnock, is a mountain in the New England state of New Hampshire. Authors such as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau wrote about the mountain, so it is well-known. It is the highest mountain between the White Mountains of New Hampshire and the Massachusetts Berkshires. It is the highest point in Cheshire County, New Hampshire. Monadnock is one of the most popular mountains to climb in the world.
At 3,165 feet (965 m), Mount Monadnock is nearly 1,000 feet (300 m) higher than any mountain within 30 miles (48 km). It is 2,000 feet (600 m) above the nearby land. Mount Monadnock is in the towns of Jaffrey and Dublin, New Hampshire.
The term "monadnock" is used by American geologists to describe any single mountain formed when erosion removes softer rock and leaves harder rock behind. This is called an inselberg in other parts of the world.
Monadnock's bare, isolated, and rocky summit gives people wide, clear views. The mountain is clear mostly because of fires set by early settlers. The first major fire in 1800 cleared trees the lower parts of the mountain to make pasture for animals. More fires and hurricane damaged the forest more. Between 1810 and 1820, local farmers thought that wolves were living in the forest and set the mountain on fire again. The fire burned hot and powerfully for weeks. It destroyed the topsoil and removed trees and plants mountain above 2,000 feet (610 m).
The word "monadnock" comes from the Abenaki language. It means something like "mountain that stands alone."
Mount Monadnock has many miles of clearly marked hiking trails. Two trails are most popular. The White Dot Trail, 2.2 miles (3.5 km) is the shortest but steepest way to the top. It starts from the Monadnock State Park headquarters and campground on the southeast side of the mountain. The White Arrow Trail, 2.3 miles (3.7 km) is the easier way to the top. There are also several other trails. The Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests prints a complete guidebook with maps, trail descriptions, history, geology, ecology, and other information about the mountain.
Hiking the mountain
125,000 hikers climb Monadnock each year. The four hour round trip to the top and back on one of the shorter trails may be challenging for the average hiker. Special skills or equipment are not needed from late spring to early fall. Climbing during winter and early spring requires special equipment, clothing, and preparation. Weather on the top of the mountain is often colder and wind is often much stronger than below. Climbers should be careful climbing at any time of year, but it can be especially dangerous from late fall to early spring.
Most of the mountain is protected and new buildings or roads are not allowed. The Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests owns most of the mountain area. Its Monadnock Reservation is over 4,000 acres (16 km2). The state and the town of Jaffrey also own portions of the mountain.
Images for kids
The Mountain Cranberry thrives on Mount Monadnock.
Mount Monadnock Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.