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Muhammad Qudrat-i-Khuda
Born 1900
Died 3 November 1977(1977-11-03)
Nationality Bangladeshi
Citizenship British Indian (1900-47)
Pakistani (1947–73)
Bangladeshi (1973–77)
Alma mater Presidency University
London University
Awards Tamgha-e-Pakistan (1973)
Sitara-e-Imtiaz (1972)
Independence Day Award (1984)
Ekushey Padak (1976)
Scientific career
Fields Organic Chemistry
Institutions Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
Karachi University
Dhaka University

Muhammad Qudrat-i-Khuda (Bengali: মুহম্মদ কুদরাত-ই-খুদা, FPAS, SI), was a Bangladeshi organic chemist, educationist and writer. He founded the Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. From 1969 till 1972, Khuda served as the president of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences.

He was awarded Ekushey Padak in 1976 by the Government of Bangladesh for his contribution in education of the country and Independence Day Award in 1986 (posthumous) by the Government of Bangladesh for his contribution in science and technology.

Early life

Khuda was born in Margram village, Birbhum District, Bengal Presidency, British India (now India). He passed Matriculation examination from Calcutta Madrasa in 1918 with First Division. In 1924, he received his MSc degree in Chemistry from Presidency College, Kolkata. Later, he studied in London University. In 1929, he received D. Sc. in physics from this institute.

Works

Khuda was specialized in the field of organic chemistry. He conducted research on herbals, jute, salt, charcoal, soil and minerals. He extracted biochemical elements from local trees and plants that can be used for medical purposes. Khuda and his associates had patent of 18 scientific inventions. One of his most significant inventions was manufacturing of Partex from jute-stick. Other significant scientific innovations by Khuda were manufacturing malt vinegar from the juice of sugarcane and molasses, rayon from jute and jute-sticks, and paper from jute.

Publications

  • Bigganer Saras Kahini (Interesting History of Science)
  • Bigganer Vichitra Kahini (Wonderful History of Science)
  • Bigganer Suchana (Origin of Science)
  • Jaiba Rasayan (Organic Chemistry) - four volumes
  • Purba Pakistaner Shilpa Sambhabana (Industrial Potentiality of East Pakistan)
  • Paramanu Parichiti (An Introduction to the Atom)
  • Bigganer Pahela Katha (First Word of Science)
  • Pabitra Quraner Puti Kotha O Angari Jaoyara (The Holy Sayings of Quran and Angari Jaoyara)

Awards

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