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New Market, Alabama
Location in Madison County and the state of Alabama
Location in Madison County and the state of Alabama
Country United States
State Alabama
County Madison
 • Total 17.56 sq mi (45.48 km2)
 • Land 17.53 sq mi (45.40 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
758 ft (231 m)
 • Total 1,543
 • Density 88.0/sq mi (33.98/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 256
FIPS code 01-54312
GNIS feature ID 0155175

New Market is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Madison County, Alabama, United States, and is included in the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2020 census, the population of the CDP was 1,543. Although it was the first area settled in Madison County, the town has never been incorporated.


In the early 19th century, several persons from Tennessee explored the area just across the border in what eventually became Madison County in Alabama. Isaac and Joseph Criner also explored the area and, in 1804, settled in the northern part near what is now called Mountain Fork of the Flint River. Later settlers gave the name New Market to the community.

On January 30, 1966, the coldest temperature ever to be recorded in Alabama was registered in New Market, at -27 °F.

Four sites in New Market are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: the New Market Historic District, New Market Presbyterian Church, New Market United Methodist Church, and the Whitman-Cobb House.


New Market is located at 34°54′23″N 86°25′34″W / 34.90639°N 86.42611°W / 34.90639; -86.42611 (34.906295, -86.426170).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 17.5 square miles (45 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 144
1990 1,094
2000 1,864 70.4%
2010 1,597 −14.3%
2020 1,543 −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

New Market first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as an unincorporated community of 144 residents. It did not appear again on the census for 110 years until 1990, when it was classified as a census-designated place (CDP).

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,597 people, 632 households, and 454 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 91 people per square mile (35/km2). There were 714 housing units at an average density of 40.8 per square mile (15.7/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 88.5% White, 6.7% Black or African American, 1.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.9% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. 4.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 632 households, out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 22.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $42,857, and the median income for a family was $51,250. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $27,068 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $22,043. About 11.9% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.3% of those under age 18 and 21.1% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

New Market racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 1,209 78.35%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 89 5.77%
Native American 29 1.88%
Asian 11 0.71%
Other/Mixed 116 7.52%
Hispanic or Latino 89 5.77%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,543 people, 475 households, and 369 families residing in the CDP.

Notable people

  • Joe W. Davis, mayor of Huntsville from 1968 to 1988
  • Whitney Dean, guitarist and vocalist of The Sweeplings, a pop-folk duo
  • Holly Helms, vocalist in The Springs, a country music duo
  • Woodall Rodgers, mayor of Dallas, Texas from 1939 to 1947
  • Sam Streeter, baseball pitcher in the Negro leagues from 1920 to 1936
  • T. T. Terry, first mayor of Huntsville, serving from 1916 to 1918
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