Newberry National Volcanic Monument facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsNewberry National Volcanic Monument
|Location||Deschutes County, Oregon, United States|
|Area||54,822 acres (221.86 km2)|
|Created||November 5, 1990|
|Governing body||U.S. Forest Service|
|Website||Newberry National Volcanic Monument|
Newberry National Volcanic Monument was designated on November 5, 1990, to protect the area around the Newberry Volcano in the U.S. state of Oregon. The monument was created within the boundaries of the Deschutes National Forest, which is managed by the U.S. Forest Service, and includes 54,822 acres (86 sq mi; 222 km2) of lakes, lava flows, and geologic features in central Oregon.
The volcano was used for training Apollo astronauts 1964-1966.
The highest point within the monument is the summit of Paulina Peak at 7,985 ft (2,434 m), with views of the Oregon Cascades and the high desert. Paulina Peak may be accessed by road during the summer months, and as the road is both steep and rough, with hairpin turns towards the summit, trailers or long vehicles are discouraged. The summit area of Newberry Volcano holds two alpine lakes full of trout, East Lake and Paulina Lake.
The Big Obsidian Flow, created 1,300 years ago, covers 700 acres (280 ha). The black, shiny obsidian field is easily accessible from good roads within the caldera, or a trail that traverses the flow.
Lava Cast Forest is roughly 25 miles (40 km) south of Bend, accessible via a 9-mile (14 km) gravel road from U.S. Highway 97. Lava Cast Forest contains a 6,000-year-old lava flow that created molds of ancient trees.
Lava Butte is roughly 11 miles (18 km) south of Bend, Oregon. Lava Butte is a cinder cone volcano that rises 500 feet (150 m) above the Lava Lands Visitor Center. It can be accessed by either vehicle or hiking up a paved road. Interpretive signs, views of the surrounding lava flow and mountains, and an active fire lookout are found on top.
Lava River Cave is roughly 13 miles (21 km) south of Bend. Lava River Cave is open to visitors from May through September. Lava River Cave is the largest uncollapsed lava tube in Oregon, and may be explored by lantern. Temperatures in the cave average 42 °F (6 °C). White-nose syndrome has not yet affected resident bats in the cave.
Newberry Caldera is roughly 37 miles (60 km) from Bend and 19 miles (31 km) from La Pine. Newberry Caldera is the largest developed area within the national monument. The caldera was formed when a magma chamber collapsed. Over time the caldera filled up with water that created two lakes, Paulina Lake and East Lake. Newberry Caldera has many natural tourism opportunities. Visitors have access to campgrounds, trails, water recreation, lodging, viewpoints, and interpretive guides with Forest Service staff. Newberry Caldera has medium use most of the year with some high usage during peak times of the year.
There are twelve trails within Newberry Caldera ranging from 0.25 miles to 21 miles. These trails offer a variety of uses from hiking only to multiuse with hiking, biking, and horse allowed. Along the trails you can find access to fishing, viewpoints, interpretive signs, picnic areas, and even hot springs. There are seven boat launches for water recreationists, (the lakes do restrict boats to 10 miles per hour). The Caldera also offers nine camp sites accommodating both tent and RV camper. Newberry Caldera also offers a variety of winter activates such as snowmobiling, snowshoeing, cross country skiing, and rooms for rent at the resorts.'
Newberry National Volcanic Monument Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.