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Newburg, Missouri
Location of Newburg, Missouri
Location of Newburg, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°54′58″N 91°54′02″W / 37.91611°N 91.90056°W / 37.91611; -91.90056Coordinates: 37°54′58″N 91°54′02″W / 37.91611°N 91.90056°W / 37.91611; -91.90056
Country United States
State Missouri
County Phelps
Area
 • Total 0.65 sq mi (1.69 km2)
 • Land 0.65 sq mi (1.67 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
728 ft (222 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 470
 • Estimate 
(2019)
436
 • Density 675.97/sq mi (261.05/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
65550
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-51716
GNIS feature ID 2395222

Newburg is a city in Phelps County, Missouri, United States. The population was 470 at the 2010 census.

History

Newburg was founded in 1883 by St. Louis – San Francisco Railway as a division point for the railroad, where engines would stop for repairs and to change crews. It is currently used heavily by the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad as a maintenance stop with a large supply of railroad materials along the double tracks.

Iron working was attempted twice in Newburg. Easy access to the railroad made heavy industry a viable business. Construction of the Ozark Iron Works began after 1867, but the business went bankrupt in 1877. The Knotwell Iron Company attempted to use the facilities in 1880, but quit shortly afterwards due to a severe drop in iron prices.

After World War II, the railway switched from coal to diesel engines, which could run much longer distances without refuelling. The Newburg stop was closed, removing the roundhouse, turntable, and freight yards. A single "Frisco" caboose remains near the old freight yards.

Missouri University of Science and Technology in nearby Rolla has planned and implemented many projects in the city of Newburg.

The Community Theater, Gourd Creek Cave Archeological Site, Onyx Cave, and Ozark Iron Furnace Stack are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Newburg is located at 37°55′3″N 91°54′4″W / 37.91750°N 91.90111°W / 37.91750; -91.90111 (37.917472, −91.901198). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.62 square miles (1.61 km2), of which, 0.61 square miles (1.58 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

Newburg is situated on the former U.S. Route 66 in Missouri. A handful of structures which served tourism on that route before it was bypassed by Interstate 44 remain, including John's Modern Cabins (a ghost tourist court, now in ruins) and Vernelle's Motel (still operational, except for an on-site restaurant and filling station demolished when US66 was widened in 1957).

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 568
1900 481 −15.3%
1910 932 93.8%
1920 1,235 32.5%
1930 1,036 −16.1%
1940 1,056 1.9%
1950 949 −10.1%
1960 884 −6.8%
1970 806 −8.8%
1980 743 −7.8%
1990 589 −20.7%
2000 484 −17.8%
2010 470 −2.9%
2019 (est.) 436 −7.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 470 people, 197 households, and 120 families living in the city. The population density was 770.5 inhabitants per square mile (297.5/km2). There were 271 housing units at an average density of 444.3 per square mile (171.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.72% White, 0.21% Native American, 0.21% Asian, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.06% of the population.

There were 197 households, of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.1% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 38 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

Climate

Newburg has a mixed humid continental and humid subtropical climate.

Climate data for Newburg
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39
(3.9)
45
(7.2)
56
(13.3)
66
(18.9)
75
(23.9)
83
(28.3)
88
(31.1)
87
(30.6)
79
(26.1)
68
(20)
54
(12.2)
43
(6.1)
65.3
(18.47)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(-6.1)
26
(-3.3)
34
(1.1)
44
(6.7)
54
(12.2)
63
(17.2)
68
(20)
65
(18.3)
57
(13.9)
47
(8.3)
36
(2.2)
25
(-3.9)
45
(7.22)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.69
(42.9)
1.93
(49)
3.51
(89.2)
3.90
(99.1)
4.44
(112.8)
3.65
(92.7)
3.90
(99.1)
3.67
(93.2)
3.48
(88.4)
3.26
(82.8)
4.10
(104.1)
2.88
(73.2)
40.41
(1,026.4)
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