kids encyclopedia robot

Northern collared lemming facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Northern collared lemming
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Genus:
Dicrostonyx
Species:
groenlandicus
Northern Collared Lemming Dicrostonyx groenlandicus distribution map.png
Northern collared lemming range
Synonyms

kilangmiutak Anderson & Rand, 1945
rubricatus (Richardson, 1889)

The northern collared lemming or Nearctic collared lemming (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus), sometimes called the Peary Land collared lemming in Canada, is a small North American lemming. At one time, it was considered to be a subspecies of the Arctic lemming (Dicrostonyx torquatus). Some sources believe several other species of collared lemmings found in North America are actually subspecies of D. groenlandicus.

Description

It has a short chunky body covered with thick grey fur with a thin black stripe along its back and light grey underparts. It has small ears, short legs and a very short tail. It has a pale brown collar across its chest. In winter, its fur turns white (believed to be the only rodent to do so), and it has large digging claws on its front feet. It is 14 cm long with a 1.5 cm tail and weighs about 40 g.

Distribution and habitat

It is found in the tundra of northern Canada, Alaska and Greenland.

Diet

It feeds on grasses, sedges and other green vegetation in summer, and twigs of willow, aspen and birches in winter.

Predators

Predators include snowy owls, gulls, wolverines, the Arctic fox and the polar bear.

Breeding

Female lemmings have two or three litters of four to eight young in a year. The young are born in a nest in a burrow or concealed in vegetation.

Behaviour

It is active year-round, day and night. It makes runways through the surface vegetation and also digs burrows above the permafrost. It burrows under the snow in winter. Lemming populations go through a three- or four-year cycle of boom and bust. When their population peaks, lemmings disperse from overcrowded areas.

kids search engine
Northern collared lemming Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.