Oak Hill, Austin, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Oak Hill
Unincorporated community
A post office in Oak Hill
A post office in Oak Hill
Location within the state of Texas
Country United States
State Texas
County Travis
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes
  • 78735
  • 78736
  • 78737
  • 78738
  • 78748
  • 78749
Area code(s)
  • 512
  • 737

Oak Hill is an unincorporated community and collection of neighborhoods located in southwest Austin, Texas.

History

The area now known as Oak Hill was initially known as Live Oak Springs in the 19th century. The land was awarded to William Cannon by the Mexican government in 1835, attracting settlers into the area. In 1865, unsuccessful attempts were made to change the community's name to Shiloh, after the American Civil War battle. In 1869, however, the community was given the name Oatmanville. Following the Civil War, the cedar forests around Oatmanville attracted settlers, particularly from the Appalachian Mountains, due to high demand for lumber-related production. Due to the increased demand for cedar, localized conflicts broke out between woodcutters. In 1870, a post office named Oak Hill was established, though the community would not immediately adopt that name.

During the construction of the Texas State Capitol in Downtown Austin during the 1880s, stone quarries near the community were used for the capitol building's construction, resulting in a boom in the community's economy. The construction project also spurred the creation of the Austin and Oatmanville Railway, which was purposed to ship limestone from the community to the city, and was later abandoned in 1888. In 1904, Oak Hill's population grew in excess of 200 people, doubling by the 1970s. In 1910, the local post office was discontinued, with mail forwarding to the city of Austin instead. Nearly a century later in 2000, the area defined as Oak Hill was absorbed into Austin's city limits.

Demographics

When the area around Oak Hill was first settled in the 1830s and 1840s, there was very little population growth. However, as a result of demand for limestone to construct the Texas State Capitol and demand for cedar wood in the latter half of the 19th century, the population of Oak Hill quickly grew, reaching 200 by 1904. The community's population doubled between 1904 and the 1970s to 400, and then grew even faster with the development of suburban housing in the region. By 1990, the population of Oak Hill was 11,572. Over the ensuing decade, the combined Oak Hill planning area saw rapid population growth, more than twice as rapid as the Greater Austin metropolitan area. West Oak Hill saw population growth three times more rapid than Austin in the same time period.

As of 2000, the total population of the combined planning area was 24,233 people, with slightly more than half of that in East Oak Hill. Of the total population of the combined planning area in 2000, 77.7% were white, 2.1% were black, 14.1% were Hispanic, 4.3% were Asian, and another 1.8% were considered to be of other races. There were 10,541 housing units at an average density of 606.5 per square mile (247.2/km2). The median family income for West Oak Hill was $77,208, compared to $89,262 for East Oak Hill.

Geography

The area upon which Oak Hill is located is characterized by mostly hilly terrain. Limestone rimrock structures are commonplace in Oak Hill. The community is located above the Edwards and Trinity aquifers, resulting in the abundance of caves, sinkholes, karst features, and springs, which allow for recharge and discharge of groundwater. In addition, Barton, Slaughter, and Williamson creeks, which all lead to the nearby Colorado River, flow through Oak Hill. Riparian woodlands exist along areas of these creeks. Threatened bird species, including the golden-cheeked warbler (Setophaga chrysoparia) and the black-capped vireo (Vireo atricapilla) live in some areas of Oak Hill.

Boundaries

As Oak Hill is not an incorporated community, it does not have any legal boundaries. The community of neighborhoods is centered around the intersection of U.S. Route 290/TX-71 and Williamson Creek, roughly 8 mi (13 km) southwest of the center of Austin. The Oak Hill Association of Neighborhoods (OHAN) defines Oak Hill as "...starting from Travis Country in the Northwest, neighborhoods bordering Brodie Lane down to the Travis/Hays County line, following the county line on the south up to Highway 290 West, and then neighborhoods bordering Circle Drive and Thomas Springs Road and finally along the Southwest Parkway." The boundaries defined by OHAN include areas within six ZIP codes and 89 neighborhoods, including Circle C Ranch. However, only 29 neighborhood homeowners' associations are members of OHAN. The city of Austin defines West Oak Hill and East Oak Hill as neighborhood planning areas, encompassing areas adjacent to U.S. Route 290 from Circle Drive to a location slightly east of Texas State Highway Loop 1. Spanning 11,123 acres (45.01 km2), the neighborhood planning area is Austin's largest.

Climate data for Sunset Valley
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90
(32.2)
99
(37.2)
98
(36.7)
99
(37.2)
104
(40)
109
(42.8)
109
(42.8)
112
(44.4)
112
(44.4)
100
(37.8)
91
(32.8)
90
(32.2)
112
(44.4)
Average high °F (°C) 62
(16.7)
65
(18.3)
72
(22.2)
80
(26.7)
87
(30.6)
92
(33.3)
96
(35.6)
97
(36.1)
91
(32.8)
82
(27.8)
71
(21.7)
62
(16.7)
74
(23.3)
Average low °F (°C) 41
(5)
45
(7.2)
51
(10.6)
59
(15)
67
(19.4)
72
(22.2)
74
(23.3)
75
(23.9)
69
(20.6)
61
(16.1)
51
(10.6)
42
(5.6)
59
(15)
Record low °F (°C) −2
(-18.9)
−1
(-18.3)
18
(-7.8)
30
(-1.1)
40
(4.4)
51
(10.6)
57
(13.9)
58
(14.4)
41
(5)
30
(-1.1)
20
(-6.7)
4
(-15.6)
−2
(-18.9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.22
(56.4)
2.02
(51.3)
2.76
(70.1)
2.09
(53.1)
4.41
(112)
4.33
(110)
1.88
(47.8)
2.35
(59.7)
2.99
(75.9)
3.88
(98.6)
2.96
(75.2)
2.40
(61)
34.29
(871)
Source: Weather.com

Transportation

Currently, the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDot) is planning to expand highway 290/71, the Highway 290 West project. TxDOT has designed a variety of options for 290/71 and is seeking community input on those designs.

Oak Hill Park and Ride serves as a commuter hub for Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority, providing flier service from Southwest Austin into the center of Austin. As of December 2013, the Park and Ride is located at the Austin Community College District Pinnacle campus.

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Oak Hill, Austin, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.