Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsOrgan Pipe Cactus National Monuments
IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape)
|Location||Pima County, Arizona, USA|
|Nearest city||Ajo, Arizona|
|Area||330,688 acres (1,338.25 km2)|
|Created||April 13, 1937|
|Visitors||260,375 (in 2018)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
|Website||Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument|
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument is a U.S. national monument and UNESCO biosphere reserve located in extreme southern Arizona that shares a border with the Mexican state of Sonora. The park is the only place in the United States where the organ pipe cactus grows wild. Along with organ pipe, many other types of cacti and other desert flora native to the Yuma Desert section of the Sonoran Desert region grow in the park. Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument is 517 sq mi (1,340 km2) in size. In 1976 the monument was declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, and in 1977 95% of Organ Pipe Cactus was declared a wilderness area.
Land for the Monument was donated by the Arizona state legislature to the federal government during Prohibition knowing that the north–south road would be improved and make contraband alcohol easier to import from Mexico. In 1937 the land was officially opened as a national monument.
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument is bordered to the northwest by Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge and to the east by the Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation.
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.