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Overly, North Dakota
Building in Overly
Building in Overly
Location of Overly, North Dakota
Location of Overly, North Dakota
Country United States
State North Dakota
County Bottineau
Founded 1905
 • Total 0.37 sq mi (0.96 km2)
 • Land 0.37 sq mi (0.96 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,542 ft (470 m)
 • Total 18
 • Estimate 
 • Density 45.82/sq mi (17.69/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
58360 (until 1996)
58384 (1996-present)
Area code(s) 701
FIPS code 38-60380
GNIS feature ID 1036209

Overly is a city in Bottineau County in the U.S. state of North Dakota. The population was 18 at the 2010 census.


Overly was founded in 1905 as a railroad loading station along the Soo Line Railroad. Overly's post office was established August 21, 1905, and service discontinued November 9, 1996. The city now shares the ZIP code of 58384 with nearby Willow City.

For many years, the city thrived as a railroad center, serving as a crew transfer point for the railroads traveling east and west along the line. The railroad installed a roundhouse for servicing locomotives as well as coal and water facilities. A popular pastime for city residents was to gather at the rail depot on the edge of town to watch the trains in the mornings and evenings. Many speculate that the town's name was meant to describe the numerous rail crews that "laid over" in town during the shift changes. Others say the town is named for Hans Overlie, an early settler.

The United States Census Bureau recorded a high population of 193 in 1920. Wheat shipments and the city's status as a railroad hub seemed to indicate future growth, but the frequency of trains dwindled until the 1950s when trains just passed by without stopping. The railroad tore down the roundhouse and other facilities, commercial businesses closed down, and the city began a steady population decline to just 32 by the 1980 Census. The Census Bureau currently places the 2008 population of the city at 17 people.


Overly is located in Cecil Township in the eastern part of Bottineau County. The city lies along the border with neighboring Rolette County, and a 5-block portion of the city was actually platted in that county. However, the 2000 Census did not record any population for Overly in that county, and the North Dakota League of Cities does not count Overly as a multi-county municipality.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.36 square miles (0.93 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 182
1920 193 6.0%
1930 154 −20.2%
1940 125 −18.8%
1950 90 −28.0%
1960 65 −27.8%
1970 28 −56.9%
1980 25 −10.7%
1990 25 0.0%
2000 19 −24.0%
2010 18 −5.3%
2019 (est.) 17 −5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
2018 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 18 people, 8 households, and 6 families living in the city. The population density was 50.0 inhabitants per square mile (19.3/km2). There were 11 housing units at an average density of 30.6 per square mile (11.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.3% White and 16.7% Native American.

There were 8 households, of which 12.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 25.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.0% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.17.

The median age in the city was 55 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 0.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 16.7% were from 25 to 44; 33.5% were from 45 to 64; and 27.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 61.1% male and 38.9% female.


It is zoned to Bottineau Public Schools.

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