Parliament of Romania facts for kids

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Parliament of Romania
Parlamentul României
LV Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Founded 1862
Type Bicameral
Houses Senatul
Camera Deputaților
Leadership
President of the Senate Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, ALDE
since 10 March 2014
President of the Chamber of Deputies Marcel Ciolacu [ro], PSD
since 29 May 2019
Structure
SEN2016.svg
Senate Political groups

Government (81)

  •       PSD (69)
  •       ALDE (12)

Opposition (55)

  •       PNL (25)
  •       USR (13)
  •       UDMR (9)
  •       Non-inscrits (8)
CDEP2016.svg
Chamber of Deputies Political groups

Government (158)

  •       PSD (139)
  •       ALDE (19)

Confidence and supply (16)

  •       National minorities (16)

Opposition (156)

  •       PNL (69)
  •       USR (27)
  •       PRO Romania (24)
  •       UDMR (21)
  •       PMP (12)
  •       Non-inscrits (2)
  •       National minorities (FDGR) (1)
Senate Committees
Chamber of Deputies committees
Joint committees

Elections
Senate Voting system 1992 – 2008, 2016 - present: Closed list, D'Hondt method
2008 - 2016: Mixed member proportional representation
Chamber of Deputies Voting system 1992 – 2008, 2016 - present: Closed list, D'Hondt method
2008 - 2016: Mixed member proportional representation
Senate Last election December 11, 2016
Chamber of Deputies Last election December 11, 2016
Senate Next election 2020
Chamber of Deputies Next election 2020
Meeting place
Romania-1170 - Palace of the Parliament (7557749966).jpg
Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest, Romania
Website
http://www.parlament.ro/

The Parliament of Romania (Romanian: Parlamentul României) is the national legislature of Romania, consisting of the Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaților), and the Senate (Senat). Its meeting place is at the Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest.

Prior to the modification of the Constitution in 2003, the two houses had identical attributes. A text of a law had to be approved by both houses. If the text differed, a special commission (comisie de mediere) was formed by deputies and senators, that "negotiated" between the two houses the form of the future law. The report of this commission had to be approved in a joint session of the Parliament. After the 2003 referendum, a law still has to be approved by both houses, but each house has designated matters it gets to deliberate before the other, in capacity of "deciding chamber" (Romanian: cameră decizională). If that first chamber adopts a law proposal (relating to its competences), it is passed on to the other one, which can approve or reject. If it makes amendments, the bill is sent back to the deciding chamber, the decision of which is final.

In 2009, a referendum was held to consult the population about turning the parliament into a unicameral body and reducing the number of representatives to 300. Although the referendum passed, the results are not binding, a referendum explicitly mentioning the modification of the constitution being required to achieve this.


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