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(Redirected from Passeri)
Songbirds
Temporal range: early Eocene to present
Eastern yellow robin (Eopsaltria australis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri

Songbirds are the main group of birds in the order Passeriformes. They are the suborder Passeri, sometimes called 'oscines' (Latin for songbird). They are a genuine clade.

There are about 4000 species of songbird. Their syrinx (vocal organ) is able to produce varied and beautiful singing. They are a very successful group of birds, in fact they are the dominant birds on Earth today.

It seems songbirds evolved 50 million years ago in the part of Gondwana which later became Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea and Antarctica. They then spread around the world.

Song

Their song mainly territorial: it communicates the identity and whereabouts of an individual to other birds. It also signals physical intentions. Female preference in some populations is be based on the extent of a male's song repertoire. The larger a male's repertoire, the more females a male individual attracts.

Bird calls are also used for alarms and contact. They are especially important in birds that feed or migrate in flocks. Although almost all birds give calls of some sort, well-developed songs are only given by a few lines outside the songbirds.

Families

Corvida

This is now known to be a paraphyletic group and so it is not used in modern systematics.

  • Menuridae
  • Bowerbirds and Australian treecreepers
  • Meliphagoidea: honeyeaters and allies
  • Australopapuan babblers
    • Pomatostomidae: Australasian babblers
  • Logrunners
    • Orthonychidae: logrunners

Passerida

This is accepted as a clade.

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