Pilar, New Mexico facts for kids
The original name of Cieneguilla comes from the Spanish word "ciénaga" which means "marsh" or "marshy place". The swampy ground is caused by several streams running across a small flood plain formed by a bend in the Rio Grande. Because the area featured a flat plain with a constant source of water, it was long frequented by the Jicarilla Apache. The village's modern day name of Pilar has been reported to have come from an influential Native American male who lived in the area by the name of Pilar Vigil.
In February 1793 the region was taken possession of by 20 persons who had received it as a land grant (Cieneguilla Grant) from the King of Spain Charles IV through his military governor in New Mexico, Don Fernando Chacón.
On March 30, 1854, the battle of Cieneguilla between the Jicarilla Apache fighters and the U.S. 1st Cavalry Regiment was fought in the hills several miles from the town.
Pilar, New Mexico Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.