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Taos County, New Mexico facts for kids

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Taos County
Taos Mountain from El Prado
Taos Mountain from El Prado
Official seal of Taos County
Map of New Mexico highlighting Taos County
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  New Mexico
Founded January 9, 1852
Seat Taos
Largest town Taos
 • Total 2,204 sq mi (5,710 km2)
 • Land 2,203 sq mi (5,710 km2)
 • Water 1.3 sq mi (3 km2)  0.06%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 15/sq mi (6/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district 3rd

Taos County is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,937. Its county seat is Taos. The county was formed in 1852 as one of the original nine counties in New Mexico Territory.

Taos County comprises the Taos, New Mexico Micropolitan Statistical Area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,204 square miles (5,710 km2), of which 2,203 square miles (5,710 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.06%) is water.

The county's highest point is the summit of Wheeler Peak at 13,161 feet (4,011 m). This is also the highest natural point in New Mexico. The county has the highest mean elevation of any U.S. county outside of Colorado, even though it ranks only 22nd overall. Taos County contains 17 of New Mexico's highest 25 peaks.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Carson National Forest (part)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 12,008
1920 12,773 6.4%
1930 14,394 12.7%
1940 18,528 28.7%
1950 17,146 −7.5%
1960 15,934 −7.1%
1970 17,516 9.9%
1980 19,456 11.1%
1990 23,118 18.8%
2000 29,979 29.7%
2010 32,937 9.9%
2019 (est.) 32,723 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2016

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 32,937 people, 14,806 households, and 8,437 families living in the county. The population density was 15.0 inhabitants per square mile (5.8/km2). There were 20,265 housing units at an average density of 9.2 per square mile (3.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.7% white, 6.2% American Indian, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 19.1% from other races, and 4.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 55.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 10.8% were English, 10.3% were German, 9.0% were Irish, and 1.2% were American.

Of the 14,806 households, 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.3% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.0% were non-families, and 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 45.2 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,441 and the median income for a family was $43,236. Males had a median income of $34,245 versus $28,325 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,145. About 14.5% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.


Taos County, New Mexico. Fence construction at Los Cordovas. This is vega land, as is much land ad . . - NARA - 521936
Taos Mountain from Los Cordovas, 1941.
Costilla NM Plaza 1943
The plaza of Costilla, 1943
Las Trampas - Eglise
Las Trampas



Census-designated places

Other communities

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