Rio Arriba County, New Mexico facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Rio Arriba County
Rio Arriba County Courthouse, Isaac Rapp, architect, 1916-17
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
|Named for||location on the upper Rio Grande (río arriba means "upriver" in Spanish)|
|• Total||5,896 sq mi (15,270 km2)|
|• Land||5,861 sq mi (15,180 km2)|
|• Water||35 sq mi (90 km2) 0.6%%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||6.9/sq mi (2.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (Mountain)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−6 (MDT)|
Rio Arriba County is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 40,246. Its county seat is Tierra Amarilla. Its northern border is the Colorado state line.
Rio Arriba County comprises the Española, NM Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Combined Statistical Area.
The county was one of nine originally created for the Territory of New Mexico in 1852. Originally extending west to the California line, it included the site of present-day Las Vegas, Nevada. The county seat was initially sited at San Pedro de Chamita, and shortly afterwards at Los Luceros. In 1860 the seat was moved to Plaza del Alcalde. Since 1880 Tierra Amarilla has been the county seat.
The Battle of Embudo Pass took place in the southern part of the county during the American invasion in January 1847.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,896 square miles (15,270 km2), of which 5,861 square miles (15,180 km2) are land and 35 square miles (91 km2) (0.6%) are water. It is the fifth-largest county in New Mexico by area. The highest point in the county is the summit of Truchas Peak at 13,102 feet (3,993 m).
The county acquired its present proportions after the creation of San Juan County and other adjustments.
- Taos County - east
- Mora County - southeast
- Santa Fe County - south
- Los Alamos County - south
- Sandoval County - south
- San Juan County - west
- Archuleta County, Colorado - north
- Conejos County, Colorado - north
National protected areas
- Carson National Forest (part)
- El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail (part)
- Santa Fe National Forest (part)
- Valles Caldera National Preserve (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 census, there were 40,246 people, 15,768 households, and 10,477 families living in the county. The population density was 6.9 inhabitants per square mile (2.7/km2). There were 19,638 housing units at an average density of 3.4 per square mile (1.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 51.6% white, 16.0% American Indian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 28.0% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 71.3% of the population.
The largest ancestry groups were:
- 20.6% Mexican
- 15.5% Spanish
- 4.5% German
- 3.2% English
- 2.7% Irish
- 1.7% French
- 1.5% Navajo
- 1.2% Scottish
Of the 15,768 households, 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families, and 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 39.0 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $41,437 and the median income for a family was $47,840. Males had a median income of $39,757 versus $31,657 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,913. About 15.7% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 18.3% of those age 65 or over.
Points of interest
- Abiquiu Lake
- Chama River (Rio Grande)
- Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad
- Echo amphitheatre
- Jicarilla Apache Reservation
- Puye Cliff Dwellings
- Ghost Ranch
- Monastery of Christ in the Desert & Abbey Brewing Company
- Project Gasbuggy
- Tierra Amarilla (county seat) & Brazos Cliffs
- El Duende
- El Rito
- La Madera
- La Mesilla
- La Villita
- Los Luceros
- Los Ojos
- Ohkay Owingeh
- San Jose
- San Juan (former)
- Santa Clara Pueblo
- Tierra Amarilla (county seat)
- Santa Rosa de Lima
Rio Arriba County has six public school districts. Española Public Schools is the largest.
- Chama Valley Independent Schools
- Jemez Mountain Public Schools
- Dulce Independent Schools
- Mesa Vista Consolidated Schools
- Espanola Public Schools
- Peñasco Independent Schools