Sandoval County, New Mexico facts for kids

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Sandoval County, New Mexico
Seal of Sandoval County, New Mexico
Map
Map of New Mexico highlighting Sandoval County
Location in the state of New Mexico
Map of the USA highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1903
Seat Bernalillo
Largest City Rio Rancho
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

3,716 sq mi (9,624 km²)
3,711 sq mi (9,611 km²)
5.3 sq mi (14 km²), 0.1%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

131,561
35/sq mi (14/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website: www.sandovalcounty.com

Sandoval County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 131,561, making it the fourth-most populous county in New Mexico. The county seat is Bernalillo.

Sandoval County is part of the Albuquerque, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,716 square miles (9,620 km2), of which 3,711 square miles (9,610 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (0.1%) is water. The highest point in the county is the summit of Redondo Peak, at 11,254 feet (3,430 m).

A relatively small portion of the county exists as a geographically separate exclave between Los Alamos County and Santa Fe County. This came about when Los Alamos County was created; the land that became the exclave would have been part of Los Alamos but was excluded owing to its sacred status among the local Indians. Rather than be ceded to neighboring Santa Fe (or Los Alamos) it has remained part of Sandoval.

Adjacent counties

Indian reservations

Northside of Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico, 1915
Northside of Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico, 1915

Sandoval County has 12 Indian reservations and two joint-use areas lying within its borders. This is the second highest number of reservations of any county in the United States (after San Diego County, California, which has 18 reservations.) Riverside County, California also has 12 reservations, but no joint-use areas.

  • Cochiti Pueblo (partly in Santa Fe County)
  • Jemez Pueblo
  • Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation (partly in Rio Arriba County)
  • Laguna Pueblo (partly in Bernalillo, Cibola and Valencia Counties)
  • Navajo Nation (extending into six other counties in New Mexico, plus three in Arizona and one in Utah)
  • San Felipe Pueblo
  • San Felipe/Santa Ana joint use area
  • San Felipe/Santo Domingo joint use area
  • San Ildefonso Pueblo (partly in Santa Fe County)
  • Sandia Pueblo (partly in Bernalillo County)
  • Santa Ana Pueblo
  • Santa Clara Pueblo (partly in Rio Arriba and Santa Fe counties)
  • Santo Domingo Pueblo (partly in Santa Fe County)
  • Zia Pueblo

National protected areas

  • Bandelier National Monument (part)
  • Cibola National Forest (part)
  • El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail (part)
  • Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument
  • Santa Fe National Forest (part)
  • Valles Caldera National Preserve (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 8,579
1920 8,863 3.3%
1930 11,144 25.7%
1940 13,898 24.7%
1950 12,438 −10.5%
1960 14,201 14.2%
1970 17,492 23.2%
1980 34,799 98.9%
1990 63,319 82.0%
2000 89,908 42.0%
2010 131,561 46.3%
Est. 2015 139,394 6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 89,908 people, 31,411 households, and 23,621 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 34,866 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.08% White, 16.28% Native American, 1.71% Black or African American, 0.99% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 12.37% from other races, and 3.47% from two or more races. 29.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,411 households out of which 38.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. 19.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.60% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,949, and the median income for a family was $48,984. Males had a median income of $36,791 versus $26,565 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,174. About 9.00% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 131,561 people, 47,602 households, and 34,548 families residing in the county. The population density was 35.5 inhabitants per square mile (13.7/km2). There were 52,287 housing units at an average density of 14.1 per square mile (5.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.0% white, 12.9% American Indian, 2.1% black or African American, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 11.5% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 35.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 13.2% were German, 9.3% were Irish, 8.7% were English, and 3.3% were American.

Of the 47,602 households, 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.4% were non-families, and 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.22. The median age was 37.9 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $57,158 and the median income for a family was $65,906. Males had a median income of $48,967 versus $35,101 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,979. About 8.3% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Town

Villages

Census-designated places

Unincorporated community


Sandoval County, New Mexico Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.