San Juan County, New Mexico facts for kids
|San Juan County, New Mexico|
Location in the state of New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 24, 1887|
5,538 sq mi (14,343 km²)
5,513 sq mi (14,279 km²)
25 sq mi (65 km²), 0.5%
24/sq mi (9/km²)
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
San Juan County is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 130,044, making it the fifth-most populous county in New Mexico. Its county seat is Aztec. The county was created in 1887.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,538 square miles (14,340 km2), of which 5,513 square miles (14,280 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) (0.5%) is water. Indian reservations (and off-reservation trust lands) comprise 63.4 percent of the county's land area: The Navajo Indian Reservation takes up 60.45% and the Ute Mountain Ute Tribe Reservation another 2.93%.
The physical features include three rivers: the San Juan, Animas, and La Plata rivers; also, the Chuska Mountains and Shiprock Pinnacle to the west, volcanic structures, buttes, mesas, badlands, and fertile river valleys.
San Juan County in New Mexico and Utah are two of twenty-two counties or parishes in the United States with the same name to border each other across state lines. The others are Union Parish, Louisiana and Union County, Arkansas, Big Horn County, Montana and Big Horn County, Wyoming, Sabine County, Texas and Sabine Parish, Louisiana, Bristol County, Massachusetts and Bristol County, Rhode Island, Kent County, Delaware and Kent County, Maryland, Escambia County, Alabama and Escambia County, Florida., Pike County, Illinois and Pike County, Missouri, Teton County, Idaho and Teton County, Wyoming, Park County, Montana and Park County, Wyoming, and Vermilion County, Illinois and Vermillion County, Indiana. respectively. (Note, despite the different spellings, the source of the name is the same for Vermilion County, Illinois and Vermillion County, Indiana—the Vermillion River which flows through both counties.)
National protected areas
- U.S. Route 64
- U.S. Route 491 (formerly U.S. Route 666)
- U.S. Route 550
- New Mexico State Road 371
- New Mexico State Road 516
- New Mexico State Road 597
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 113,801 people, 37,711 households, and 28,924 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 43,221 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 52.83% White, 0.44% Black or African American, 36.88% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.77% from other races, and 2.78% from two or more races. 14.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 37,712 households, out of which 42.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 14.70% had a female head of household with no husband present, and 23.30% were non-families. 19.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.43.
In the county, the population was spread out with 32.60% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, and 9.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,762, and the median income for a family was $37,382. Males had a median income of $35,066 versus $21,299 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,282. About 18.00% of families and 21.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.60% of those under age 18 and 18.20% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 130,044 people, 44,404 households, and 32,457 families residing in the county. The population density was 23.6 inhabitants per square mile (9.1/km2). There were 49,341 housing units at an average density of 8.9 per square mile (3.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 51.6% white, 36.6% American Indian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 7.3% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 19.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 15.0% were English, 9.1% were German, 5.9% were Irish, and 2.8% were American.
Of the 44,404 households, 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.9% were non-families, and 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.38. The median age was 33.0 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $46,189 and the median income for a family was $53,540. Males had a median income of $44,984 versus $30,245 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,725. About 15.9% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.0% of those under age 18 and 19.1% of those age 65 or over.
- Cedar Hill
- Flora Vista
- Huerfano (former)
- La Plata
- Lake Valley
- Lee Acres
- Napi Headquarters
- Navajo Dam
- North Light Plant
- Ojo Amarillo
- Sheep Springs
- Upper Fruitland
- West Hammond
- White Rock
- Young Place
San Juan County, New Mexico Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.