Bernalillo County, New Mexico facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Bernalillo County, New Mexico
Seal of Bernalillo County, New Mexico
Map
Map of New Mexico highlighting Bernalillo County
Location in the state of New Mexico
Map of the USA highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1852
Seat Albuquerque
Largest City Albuquerque
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,167 sq mi (3,023 km²)
1,161 sq mi (3,007 km²)
6.4 sq mi (17 km²), 0.5%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

676,685
571/sq mi (220/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website: www.bernco.gov

Bernalillo County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 662,564. The county seat is Albuquerque, which is the most populous city in New Mexico.

Bernalillo County is the central county of the Albuquerque, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Bernalillo County was one of seven partidos established during Mexican rule; in 1852, within two years of the creation of the New Mexico Territory, Bernalillo became one of that territory's nine original counties. In 1876, it absorbed Santa Ana County.

In 1906, years after the Land Revision Act of 1891 provided for the setting aside of forest reserves, the parts of Bernalillo County currently known as Cibola National Forest were established as reserves.

USS LST-306, a World War II tank landing ship which participated in the Allied invasion of Italy, was renamed USS Bernalillo County in 1955. Sandia Mountain Wilderness was created in 1978 and the Petroglyph National Monument was established in June 1990.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,167 square miles (3,020 km2), of which 1,161 square miles (3,010 km2) is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2) (0.5%) is water. It is the third-smallest county in New Mexico by area.

Bernalillo County is in central New Mexico, and "stretches from the East Mountain area (just east of the Sandia Mountains) to the Volcano Cliffs on the west mesa."

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Cibola National Forest (part)
  • El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail (part)
  • Petroglyph National Monument

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 7,751
1860 8,769 13.1%
1870 7,591 −13.4%
1880 17,225 126.9%
1890 20,913 21.4%
1900 28,630 36.9%
1910 23,606 −17.5%
1920 29,855 26.5%
1930 45,430 52.2%
1940 69,391 52.7%
1950 145,673 109.9%
1960 262,199 80.0%
1970 315,774 20.4%
1980 419,700 32.9%
1990 480,577 14.5%
2000 556,678 15.8%
2010 662,564 19.0%
Est. 2015 676,685 21.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 556,678 people, 220,936 households, and 141,178 families residing in the county, making Bernalillo the most populous county in the state. The population density was 477 people per square mile (184/km²). There were 239,074 housing units at an average density of 205 per square mile (79/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.75% White, 2.77% Black or African American, 4.16% Native American, 1.93% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 16.07% from other races, and 4.22% from two or more races. 41.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 220,936 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.00% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.10% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,788, and the median income for a family was $46,613. Males had a median income of $33,720 versus $26,318 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,790. About 10.20% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.90% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 662,564 people, 266,000 households, and 164,104 families residing in the county. The population density was 570.8 inhabitants per square mile (220.4/km2). There were 284,234 housing units at an average density of 244.9 per square mile (94.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 69.4% white, 4.8% American Indian, 3.0% black or African American, 2.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 16.0% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 47.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 11.6% were German, 8.5% were Irish, 7.6% were English, and 2.6% were American.

Of the 266,000 households, 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.3% were non-families, and 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 35.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,481 and the median income for a family was $59,809. Males had a median income of $42,189 versus $34,432 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,143. About 11.8% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.8% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Bernalillo County New Mexico.svg

A local geographical oddity is that the town of Bernalillo, north of Albuquerque, is not actually in Bernalillo County. It is the county seat of Sandoval County.

Bracketed number refers to location on map, right

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


Bernalillo County, New Mexico Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.