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Princess of Wales
Coat of arms of Catherine, Duchess of Cornwall.svg
Catherine, Princess of Wales in 2022 (cropped).jpg

since 9 September 2022
Style Her Royal Highness
Member of British royal family
First holder

Princess of Wales (Welsh: Tywysoges Cymru) is a courtesy title used since the 14th century by the wife of the heir apparent to the English and later British throne. The current title-holder is Catherine (née Middleton).

The title was first recorded in an independent Wales when it was held by Eleanor de Montfort, the wife of the native Prince of Wales, Llywelyn ap Gruffydd.


Prior to 'Princess' (Welsh: Tywysoges) the title of 'Queen' (Welsh: Brenhines) was used by some spouses of the rulers of Wales. Examples are Angharad ferch Owain, wife of Gruffudd ap Cynan, and Cristin verch Goronwy, wife of Gruffudd's son, Owain Gwynedd (specifically, she was known as 'Queen Dowager').

The title in independent Wales

Joan (Siwan)

Joan, also known as Siwan (her Welsh name), was the illegitimate daughter of King John of England. She was the wife of Llywelyn the Great (initially king of Gwynedd), effective ruler of all of Wales. During her tenure, she used the titles 'Lady of Wales' and 'Lady of Snowdon'.

Eleanor de Montfort and Gwenllian

Gwenllian memorial Sempringham
Memorial to Gwenllian in Sempringham, England where she was imprisoned since childhood

Following her wedding ceremony in 1278, Eleanor de Montfort was officially known as princess of Wales. On 19 June 1282, she died giving birth to her first child, Gwenllian.

The infant was captured by English forces the following year, after her father, Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, was killed in December 1282. At Edward I's orders, she was kept in the remote Sempringham Priory in Lincolnshire, where she remained until her death in 1337.

Gwenllian's status was acknowledged at least once by the English Crown. When writing to the Pope, attempting to secure more money for Sempringham Priory, the king stated that "...herein is kept the Princess of Wales, whom we have to maintain". The title 'Princess of Wales' as used here did not have its usual accepted meaning.

Margaret Hanmer and Catrin, daughter of Glyndŵr

Margaret Hanmer, sometimes known as Marred ferch Dafydd (her Welsh name), was the wife of Owain Glyndŵr. Some modern historians have accorded her the title 'Princess of Wales'.

Catrin was one of the children of Owain Glyndŵr and Margaret Hanmer. In November 1402, she married Sir Edmund Mortimer, the second son of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March and through his mother, a great-grandson of Edward III of England.

Edmund Mortimer died during the siege of Harlech Castle in 1409, of unknown causes. Catrin was subsequently captured alongside her three daughters, and they were taken to the Tower of London, along with Catrin's mother and one of her sisters. The deaths and burials of Catrin and her daughters are recorded, but the causes of their deaths remain unknown. They were laid to rest at St Swithin's Church in London.


Image Name Birth Spouse Death Notes
Ffenestr liw'r Dywysoges Siwan yn Nhrefriw Sir Conwy 2014.png Joan, Lady of Wales 1191 Llywelyn the Great 2 February 1237 Known as Siwan in Welsh;
Lady of Wales and Snowdon;
Proposed to have been Princess of Wales
Isabella de Braose 1222 Dafydd ap Llywelyn 1248 Proposed to have been Princess of Wales
Eleanor de Montfort.png Eleanor de Montfort 1252 Llywelyn ap Gruffydd 19 June 1282 Princess of Wales;
Lady of Snowdon
Bedd y Dywysoges Elizabeth Ferrers, gwraig Dafydd ap Gruffudd 10.jpg Elizabeth Ferrers 1250 Dafydd ap Gruffydd 1300 Proposed to have been Princess of Wales
Gwenllian Tribute.jpg Gwenllian of Wales June 1282 7 June 1337 Princess of Wales;
daughter of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd
Margaret Hanmer 1370 Owain Glyndŵr 1420 Later attributed
Cofeb Catrin Glyndŵr.jpg Catrin ferch Owain Glyndŵr Edmund Mortimer 1413 Proposed to have been Princess of Wales;
daughter of Owain Glyndŵr

Spouse of the British (formerly English) heir apparent

Cecily Neville, wife of Richard, 3rd Duke of York, is omitted from this list. While her husband was briefly given various titles, including prince of Wales, by an Act of Parliament as part of his arrangement to succeed Henry VI, he is not generally recognised as such and is not mentioned in any published summary of the topic.

Although not granted the title in her own right, the future Mary I was, during her youth, invested by her father, Henry VIII, with many of the rights and properties traditionally given to the prince of Wales, including the use of the official seal of Wales for correspondence. For most of her childhood, Mary was her father's only legitimate child, and for this reason, she was often referred to as the princess of Wales, although Henry never formally created her as such. For example, Spanish scholar Juan Luis Vives dedicated his Satellitium Animi to "Dominæ Mariæ Cambriæ Principi, Henrici Octavi Angliæ Regis Filiæ".

Welsh politicians suggested that George VI's elder daughter, Princess Elizabeth (the future Elizabeth II), be granted the title on her 18th birthday, but he rejected the idea because he felt such a title belonged solely to the wife of a prince of Wales and the prince of Wales had always been the heir apparent.

Camilla, Charles III's second wife, was the princess of Wales from 2005 to 2022, but did not use the title due to its popular association with her husband's first wife, Diana.

On 9 September 2022, a day after his accession to the throne, Charles III bestowed the title of 'Prince of Wales' upon his elder son, Prince William, hence making his wife, Catherine, the new princess of Wales.


Person Previous name Birth Marriage Became Princess of Wales Spouse Change in style Death Notes
Joan of Kent.jpg Joan of Kent 19 September 1328 10 October 1361 Edward of Woodstock 7 June 1376
Husband's death;
became Dowager Princess of Wales
7 August 1385
Anne Neville portrait.jpg Anne Neville 11 June 1456 13 December 1470 Edward of Westminster 4 May 1471
Husband's death;
became Dowager Princess of Wales
16 March 1485 Later became Queen Consort as the wife of Richard III
Catalina de Aragón, por un artista anónimo.jpg Catherine of Aragon 16 December 1485 19 May 1499 (by proxy)
14 November 1501
Arthur Tudor 2 April 1502
Husband's death;
became Dowager Princess of Wales
7 January 1536 Later became Queen Consort as the wife of Henry VIII
Caroline Wilhelmina of Brandenburg-Ansbach by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg Wilhelmina Charlotte Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach 1 March 1683 22 August 1705 27 September 1714 George Augustus 11 June 1727
Husband acceded to throne as George II;
became Queen Consort
20 November 1737
Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales by Charles Philips cropped.jpg Augusta of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg 30 November 1719 17 April 1736 Frederick Louis 31 March 1751
Husband's death;
became Dowager Princess of Wales
8 February 1772
Caroline of Brunswick.jpg Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 17 May 1768 8 April 1795 George Augustus Frederick 29 January 1820
Husband acceded to throne as George IV;
became Queen Consort
7 August 1821
Queen Alexandra, the Princess of Wales.jpg Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Louise Julia of Denmark 1 December 1844 10 March 1863 Albert Edward 22 January 1901
Husband acceded to throne as Edward VII;
became Queen Consort
20 November 1925
Mary, Princess of Wales, 1905.jpg Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes of Teck 26 May 1867 6 July 1893 9 November 1901 George Frederick Ernest Albert 6 May 1910
Husband acceded to throne as George V;
became Queen Consort
24 March 1953
Diana, Princess of Wales 1997 (2).jpg Diana Frances Spencer 1 July 1961 29 July 1981 Charles Philip Arthur George 28 August 1996
assumed the style of Diana, Princess of Wales
31 August 1997
CHOGM Commonwealth Big Lunch on April 17, 2018 - 007 (cropped).jpg Camilla Rosemary Shand 17 July 1947 9 April 2005 8 September 2022
Husband acceded to throne as Charles III;
became Queen Consort
living Known as Duchess of Cornwall during her tenure
Catherine, Princess of Wales in 2022 (cropped).jpg Catherine Elizabeth Middleton 9 January 1982 29 April 2011 9 September 2022 William Arthur Philip Louis Incumbent living

See also

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