Prineville, Oregon facts for kids

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Prineville, Oregon
City
PrinevilleOregonPano1.jpg
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Crook
Incorporated 1880
Area
 • Total 10.92 sq mi (28.28 km2)
 • Land 10.92 sq mi (28.28 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,868 ft (874.2 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,253
 • Estimate (2012) 9,173
 • Density 847.3/sq mi (327.1/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97754
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-59850
GNIS feature ID 1154317
Website www.cityofprineville.com

Prineville is a city in and the county seat of Crook County, Oregon, United States. It was named for the first merchant located in the present location, Barney Prine. The population was 9,253 at the 2010 census.

History

Prineville was founded in 1877 when Monroe Hodges filed the original plat for the city. The post office for the community had been established with the name of Prine on April 13, 1871, but changed to Prineville on December 23, 1872. The city was incorporated by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on October 23, 1880, and obtained its first high school in 1902.

Long the major town in central Oregon, Prineville was snubbed in 1911 when the railroad tycoons James J. Hill and Edward H. Harriman bypassed the city as they laid track south from The Dalles. In a period when the presence of a railroad meant the difference between prosperity and the eventual fate as a ghost town, in a 1917 election, Prineville residents voted 355 to 1 to build their own railway, and raised the money to connect their town to the main line 19 miles (31 km) away.

Helped by timber harvests from the nearby Ochoco National Forest, the City of Prineville Railroad prospered for decades. The profits from the railroad were so abundant that between 1964 and 1968, the city levied no property taxes. However, with the decline of the timber industry in Oregon, the railroad reported a loss of nearly $1 million between 2002–04 [1].

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.92 square miles (28.28 km2), all of it land.

Prineville is located on the Crooked River at the mouth of Ochoco Creek, 14 miles (23 km) northwest of the Prineville Reservoir.

During the Miocene and Oligocene, great basaltic flows swept through the area.

Prineville has a steppe climate (BSk) according to the Köppen climate classification system.

Climate data for Prineville
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24.4)
75
(23.9)
83
(28.3)
92
(33.3)
99
(37.2)
102
(38.9)
119
(48.3)
111
(43.9)
107
(41.7)
93
(33.9)
82
(27.8)
76
(24.4)
119
(48.3)
Average high °F (°C) 42.5
(5.83)
47.6
(8.67)
54.2
(12.33)
61.8
(16.56)
69.2
(20.67)
76.3
(24.61)
85.9
(29.94)
84.9
(29.39)
77.1
(25.06)
66.2
(19)
52.3
(11.28)
43.7
(6.5)
63.5
(17.5)
Average low °F (°C) 21.1
(-6.06)
24.6
(-4.11)
26.1
(-3.28)
29.3
(-1.5)
35.1
(1.72)
40.6
(4.78)
43.6
(6.44)
41.9
(5.5)
35.7
(2.06)
30.1
(-1.06)
26.1
(-3.28)
22.2
(-5.44)
31.4
(-0.33)
Record low °F (°C) -35
(-37.2)
-24
(-31.1)
-14
(-25.6)
7
(-13.9)
13
(-10.6)
20
(-6.7)
26
(-3.3)
23
(-5)
12
(-11.1)
6
(-14.4)
-15
(-26.1)
-34
(-36.7)
-35
(-37.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.06
(26.9)
0.85
(21.6)
0.72
(18.3)
0.74
(18.8)
1.08
(27.4)
1.01
(25.7)
0.37
(9.4)
0.39
(9.9)
0.49
(12.4)
0.79
(20.1)
1.21
(30.7)
1.18
(30)
9.89
(251.2)
Snowfall inches (cm) 4.7
(11.9)
2.3
(5.8)
1
(3)
0.4
(1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
1.1
(2.8)
2.8
(7.1)
12.4
(31.5)
Avg. precipitation days 8 7 7 6 7 5 3 2 4 5 8 8 70

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 460
1900 656 42.6%
1910 1,042 58.8%
1920 1,144 9.8%
1930 1,027 −10.2%
1940 2,358 129.6%
1950 3,233 37.1%
1960 3,263 0.9%
1970 4,101 25.7%
1980 5,276 28.7%
1990 5,355 1.5%
2000 7,563 41.2%
2010 9,253 22.3%
Est. 2015 9,530 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 9,253 people, 3,692 households, and 2,407 families residing in the city. The population density was 847.3 inhabitants per square mile (327.1/km2). There were 4,181 housing units at an average density of 382.9 per square mile (147.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.4% White, 0.2% African American, 1.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.9% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.1% of the population.

There were 3,692 households of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.8% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the city was 38.2 years. 25.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 24.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,356 people, 2,817 households, and 1,907 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,105.9 people per square mile (427.1/km²). There were 3,022 housing units at an average density of 454.3 per square mile (175.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.80% White, 0.01% African American, 1.50% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.50% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.42% of the population.

Of the 2,817 households, 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,435, and the median income for a family was $36,587. Males had a median income of $31,224 versus $22,852 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,163. About 10.0% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

  • Prineville Airport
  • U.S. Route 26
  • Oregon Route 126

Images for kids


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