Provincial city (Vietnam) facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Administrative Units
of Vietnam
First-level
Second-level
  • Urban district
  • City
  • Town
  • District
Third-level
  • Ward
  • Township
  • Commune

Provincial city (Vietnamese: Thành phố trực thuộc tỉnh), commonly known as City, a type of second tier subdivision of Vietnam is divided into 713 units along with urban district, district, and town have equal status. Also by virtue of Decree No. 42/2009/ND-CP, city are officially classified into Class-1, Class-2 or Class-3.

The cities can only subordinate to Province as the Second Tier unit. At the Third Tier, City is divided into wards and communes. Template:Cities of Vietnam location map

Fact

Cities are usually provincial urban and administrative centers. Some cities also was appointed provincial economic centers and the culture center of a region (between provinces). There might still agricultural population in the suburban of provincial cities. Provincial cities are divided into wards (within the inner city) and communes (within the suburban). Cities are equal level with counties, urban districts or towns, but larger and more important. At the time of July 2014, four cities, Hạ Long, Sóc Trăng, Đông Hà and Huế, do not have any commune.

List of provincial cities

Name Province Area (km²) Population (person) Population density Year to become city Class
Bà Rịa Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu 91.47 122,424 1,338 2012-08-22 2
Bạc Liêu Bạc Liêu 175.38 188,863 1,077 2010-08-27 2
Bảo Lộc Lâm Đồng 232.56 153,362 659 2010-04-08 3
Bắc Giang Bắc Giang 66.77 157,439 2,358 2005-06-07 2
Bắc Kạn Bắc Kạn 137 56,800 415 2015-03-11 3
Bắc Ninh Bắc Ninh 82.61 272,634 3,300 2006-01-26 1
Biên Hòa Đồng Nai 264.08 784,398 2,970 1976-02-01 1
Bến Tre Bến Tre 71.12 150,530 2,117 2009-08-11 2
Buôn Ma Thuột Đắk Lắk 377.18 326,135 865 1995-01-21 1
Cẩm Phả Quảng Ninh 486.45 195,800 403 2012-02-21 2
Cà Mau Cà Mau 250.30 204,895 819 1999-04-14 2
Cam Ranh Khánh Hòa 325.01 128,358 395 2010-12-23 3
Cao Bằng Cao Bằng 107.63 84,421 784 2012-09-25 3
Cao Lãnh Đồng Tháp 107 161,292 1,507 2007-01-16 3
Châu Đốc An Giang 105.29 157,298 1,494 2013-07-19 2
Chí Linh Hải Dương 282.91 220,421 779 2013-07-19 3
Đà Lạt Lâm Đồng 394.64 211,696 536 1893-06-21 1
Điện Biên Phủ Điện Biên 64.27 76,000 1,183 2003-09-26 3
Đông Hà Quảng Trị 73.06 93,756 1,281 2009-08-11 3
Đồng Hới Quảng Bình 155.54 160,325 1,031 2004-08-16 2
Đồng Xoài Bình Phước 169.60 150,052 882 2018-10-16 3
Hà Giang Hà Giang 135.32 71,689 530 2010-09-27 3
Hà Tiên Kiên Giang 100.49 81,576 812 2018-09-11 3
Hà Tĩnh Hà Tĩnh 56.19 88,957 1,583 2007-05-28 2
Hạ Long Quảng Ninh 271.95 221,580 815 1993-12-27 1
Hải Dương Hải Dương 13.07 507,469 4,563 1997-08-06 1
Hòa Bình Hòa Bình 148.2 93,409 630 2006-10-27 3
Hội An Quảng Nam 61.47 89,716 1,460 2008-01-29 3
Huế Thừa Thiên–Huế 70.99 339,822 4,787 1929-12-12 1
Hưng Yên Hưng Yên 73.42 147,275 2,006 2009-01-19 3
Kon Tum Kon Tum 432.12 155,214 359 2009-09-13 3
Lai Châu Lai Châu 70.77 52,557 750 2013-02-01 3
Lạng Sơn Lạng Sơn 77.69 87,278 1,123 2002-10-17 3
Lào Cai Lào Cai 229.67 98,363 428 2004-11-30 2
Long Khánh Đồng Nai 195 181,242 929 2019-04-10 3
Long Xuyên An Giang 106.87 278,658 2,607 1999-03-01 2
Móng Cái Quảng Ninh 516.6 80,000 155 2008-09-24 2
Mỹ Tho Tiền Giang 79.8 204,412 2,562 1967-08-24 1
Nam Định Nam Định 46.4 352,108 7,589 1921-10-17 1
Ninh Bình Ninh Bình 48.36 110,541 2,286 2007-02-07 2
Nha Trang Khánh Hòa 251 392,279 1,563 1977-03-30 1
Phan Rang–Tháp Chàm Ninh Thuận 78.9 161,370 2,045 2007-02-08 2
Phan Thiết Bình Thuận 206 216,327 1,050 1999-08-25 2
Phủ Lý Hà Nam 87.87 136,650 1,555 2008-06-09 3
Phúc Yên Vĩnh Phúc 120.13 155,500 1,295 2018-02-07 3
Pleiku Gia Lai 266.61 208,364 782 1999-04-24 2
Quảng Ngãi Quảng Ngãi 160.15 260,252 1,625 2005-08-26 2
Quy Nhơn Bình Định 284.28 311,260 1,095 1986-07-03 1
Rạch Giá Kiên Giang 105 250,660 2,387 2005-07-26 2
Sa Đéc Đồng Tháp 59.81 152,237 2,545 2013-10-14 2
Sầm Sơn Thanh Hóa 45.00 150,902 3,353 2017-04-19 2
Sóc Trăng Sóc Trăng 76.15 136,018 1,786 2007-02-08 3
Sơn La Sơn La 324.93 107,282 330 2008-09-03 3
Sông Công Thái Nguyên 98.37 110,000 1,122 2015-07-01 3
Tam Điệp Ninh Bình 104.98 104,175 992 2015-04-10 3
Tam Kỳ Quảng Nam 92.02 107,924 1,173 2006-10-26 2
Tân An Long An 81.95 166,419 2,031 2009-08-24 3
Tây Ninh Tây Ninh 140.00 153,537 1,096 2013-12-29 3
Thái Bình Thái Bình 67.71 268,167 3,961 2004-04-29 2
Thái Nguyên Thái Nguyên 189.71 320,000 1,687 1962-10-19 1
Thanh Hóa Thanh Hóa 146.77 393,294 2,680 1994-05-01 1
Thủ Dầu Một Bình Dương 118.87 244,277 2,055 2012-05-02 1
Trà Vinh Trà Vinh 68.03 131,360 1,931 2010-03-04 2
Tuy Hòa Phú Yên 106.82 177,944 1,666 2005-01-05 2
Tuyên Quang Tuyên Quang 119.17 110,119 924 2010-07-02 3
Uông Bí Quảng Ninh 256.31 157,779 616 2011-02-25 2
Vị Thanh Hậu Giang 118.65 72,328 610 2010-09-23 3
Việt Trì Phú Thọ 111.17 283,995 2,541 1962-06-04 1
Vinh Nghệ An 104.98 303,363 2,696 1927-12-10 1
Vĩnh Long Vĩnh Long 48.01 147,039 3,063 2009-04-10 3
Vĩnh Yên Vĩnh Phúc 50.80 122,568 2,413 2006-12-01 2
Vũng Tàu Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu 140.65 310,188 1,859 1991-08-01 1
Yên Bái Yên Bái 108.155 95,892 887 2002-01-11 3

Administration units

Five city provinces are directly under the government of Vietnam. Administratively, each city is divided into districts and counties.

Each city has smaller level administrative units, including the districts, wards, communes, and areas. Administration includes the total area in kilometers square, an official census of the city's population (per million people), and the density of people (per kilometers square). Concentration is usually in the inner city, including more people, with closer living. The country districts have less people.

Administration of each city is done through the City People's Council, with representatives elected directly every five years. Elected representatives decide the plans for economic development, culture, education, and all other responsibilities. The Head of the People's Council consists of a chairman, a vice chairman, and permanent members. Councils are under the supervision and guidance from the National Assembly Standing Committee.

The City People's Council elects the People's Committee, it is the agency directly responsible for the management of the political, security, economic, and cultural interests of the city. The departments of the People's Committee will manage specific areas, such as health, education, investment, justice, finance . In addition, the People's Committee also manages a number of corporations in the city.

The government of Vietnam names at least one level of every location a commune. There is a slight difference between an active commune (Xa), and an administrative commune (Xa Huyen). Some communes are very active as cooperatives. In other areas (and in other divisions) the residents have more to do than just commune activities. It's a difference created by the market-economy. Not everyone elects to work for the commune - in commune jobs.

Investment and ownership

Foreigners don't normally invest in the cultural homes directly. And, little or no re-gentrification has been occurring after progress. Hems are different. Hems are transformed into beautiful villas/towns. Some hems have a full circuit of interior roadways that allow for better communities.

Many cities are beautified in arrangement between departments, province, district, ward, local committees, and residents. However, this is the source of numerous disputes/arguments. The management of the activity doesn't satisfy all the people involved. But, some people are happy with the result - some people choose to get paid to demolish their own house for the progress of a city plan.

Conservation

Older residencies can be left intact for various reasons.

Committees

Every division is described so that a committee can manage it. In some provinces committees have established industrial parks. Foreign investment is directed at larger divisions (provinces) who can grant tax and regulation help and incentives.


Provincial city (Vietnam) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.