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Puntland State of Somalia

  • Dowladda Puntland ee Soomaaliya  (Somali)
  • ولاية أرض البنط الصومالية (Arabic)
  • Wilāyat Arḍ al-Bunṭ aṣ-Ṣūmāliyyah
Flag of Puntland
Flag
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Coat of arms
Motto: "Star of the North"
Location of  Puntland  (dark blue at right)in Somalia  (disputed regions in grey)
  • Location of  Puntland  (dark blue at right)

    in Somalia  (disputed regions in grey)

Capital Garowe
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Largest city Bosaso
Official languages
Demonym(s) Somali
Government Autonomous presidential democracy
• President
Said Abdullahi Mohamed
• Vice-President
Ahmed Elmi Karash
• House Speaker
Abdihakim Mohamed Ahmed
Autonomous State 
within Somalia
• Established
1 August 1998
Area
• Total
212,510 km2 (82,050 sq mi)
• Water (%)
21,711
Population
• 2016 estimate
4,285,000
• Density
20.1/km2 (52.1/sq mi) (6758520)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$5 Billion
• Per capita
$1000
Currency Somali shilling (SOS)
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Calling code +252 (Somalia)
ISO 3166 code SO
Internet TLD .so

Puntland (or Paese di Punt), officially the Puntland State of Somalia is a region in northeastern Somalia. Centred on the town of Garoowe in the Nugal province, its leaders declared the territory an autonomous state in 1998 but is internationally recognized as an autonomous region of Somalia.

Puntland is bordered by Somaliland to its west, the Gulf of Aden in the north, the Guardafui Channel in the northeast, the Somali Sea in the southeast, the central Galmudug region in the south, and Ethiopia in the southwest. There are several major geographical apexes in Puntland, including the Cape Guardafui which forms the tip of the Horn of Africa, Ras Hafun the easternmost place on the entire African continent, and the beginning of the karkaar mountain range. It also has the northernmost major city in Somalia, Bosaso, located at a line of latitude higher than 11° north.

The name "Puntland" is derived from the Land of Punt mentioned in ancient Egyptian sources, although the exact location of the fabled territory is still a mystery. Many studies suggest that the Land of Punt was located in present-day Somalia, whereas others propose that it was situated elsewhere.

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