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Somaliland

Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland  (Somali)
جمهورية أرض الصومال (Arabic)

Jumhūrīyat Arḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl
Republic of Somaliland
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National emblem
Motto: 
لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله (Arabic)
Lā ilāhā illā-llāhu; muhammadun rasūlu-llāhi
"There is no god but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God"
Anthem: 
Samo ku waar
Long life with peace
Location of Somaliland.
Location of Somaliland.
Capital Hargeisa
Official languages
Demonym(s)

Somali
Somalian

  • Somalilander
Government Constitutional presidential republic
• President
Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo
• Vice-President
Abdirahman Saylici
• Speaker of the House
Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi
Legislature Parliament
House of Elders
House of Representatives
Independence 
from Somalia
• Proclaimed
18 May 1991
• Recognition
Unrecognized
Area
• Total
137,600 km2 (53,100 sq mi)
Population
• 2008 estimate
3,500,000
• Density
25/km2 (64.7/sq mi)
Currency Somaliland shillinga (SLSH)
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Date format d/m/yy (AD)
Driving side right
Calling code +252 (Somalia)
Internet TLD .so
  1. Currency only valid for regional use.
Rankings unavailable as Somaliland is unrecognised.

Somaliland is an unrecognized state in middle-east Africa. It borders the Republic of Djibouti to the west, the Federal Republic of Ethiopia to the south and Somalia to the east.

Somaliland was a British colony until 26 June 1960, when it became the Somaliland Protectorate, an independent country. On 1 July, 1960, the Somaliland Protectorate joined a new country called Somalia, and they formed the Somali Republic. In May of 1991, after a war, five families in the Somali Republic declared independence. They formed Somaliland out of six political areas in northern Somalia.

Currently, Somaliland is an unrecognized state. This means that no country or international organization thinks that Somaliland is a real country. Instead, they include Somaliland as a part of Somalia.

Somaliland has a republican government, with free elections. The capital is Hargeisa.

Demographics

Language

Most people in Somaliland speak Somali and Arabic. Article 6 of the Constitution of 2001 says the official language of Somaliland is Somali, but Arabic is a mandatory subject in school. English is also spoken and taught in schools.

The main Somali dialect is Standard Somali. Standard Somali is spoken in most of Somalia and in countries that border it. Standard Somali is used by almost all of the media in the Somaliland region.

Religion

Almost all Somalilanders are Muslims. This is because Islam is the state religion, and practicing a religion other than Islam is against the law. Small amounts of non-Islamic traditions exist in Somaliland, but Islam is very important to the Somali sense of national identity.

People from Somaliland, are often criticised for declaring independence from Somalia, and working as an independent state.

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