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Ranchi facts for kids

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Ranchi
Metropolis
Ranchi.landmarks
Nickname(s): City of waterfalls
Country India
State Jharkhand
District Ranchi
Area
 • Metropolis 652.02 km2 (251.75 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,295 km2 (500 sq mi)
Elevation 651 m (2,136 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Metropolis 1,073,440
 • Density 1,646.330/km2 (4,263.97/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, English
 • Regional Nagpuri
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 834001(83 xxxx)
Telephone code 0651
Vehicle registration JH-01 (earlier BR 14)
Sex ratio(per 1000 male) 950
Literacy 87.68%

Ranchi is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand. Ranchi was the centre of the Jharkhand movement, which called for a separate state for the tribal regions of South Bihar, northern Orissa, western West Bengal and the eastern area of what is present-day Chhattisgarh. The Jharkhand state was formed on 15 November 2000 by carving out the Bihar divisions of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Parganas. Ranchi has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.

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