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Red River Rebellion
Résistance de la rivière Rouge (French)

The Métis provisional government
Date 1869–1870

Métis political victory

Canadian military victory

Provisional Government
Canadian Party
Commanders and leaders
Louis Riel
John Bruce
Ambroise-Dydime Lépine
John A. Macdonald
William McDougall
John Christian Schultz
Garnet Wolseley
Casualties and losses
None 1 (Thomas Scott)

The Red River Rebellion was an uprising by the Métis people in modern Manitoba. The national government of Canada bought the area, then known as "Rupert's Land", from the Hudson's Bay Company in 1869. The government then ordered surveys to be started of the new territory. The Metis were afraid that they would then lose their lands, since many did not have clear titles. They were also afraid that the Canadian government officials, many of which were Protestants, would not allow the Metis to continue being Catholics.

The Metis then orgainized their own provisional government, with Louis Riel as their leader, in the summer of 1869. They sent a list of demands to the Canadian government, including protection of the French language. After several months of negotiations, the Parliament of Canada passed the Manitoba Act of May 1870. The act admitted Manitoba into the Canadian Confederation and included many of the Metis' demands.

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