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Louis David Riel
Louis Riel.jpg
Member of Parliament
for Provencher
Preceded by George-Étienne Cartier
Succeeded by Andrew Bannatyne
Personal details
Born (1844-10-22)22 October 1844
Red River Colony, Rupert's Land
Died 16 November 1885(1885-11-16) (aged 41)
Regina, District of Assiniboia
Spouse(s) Marguerite Monet dit Bellehumeur (1881–1885)
Children Jean-Louis,
Parents Louis Riel Sr.
Julie Lagimodière
Occupation Politician

Louis David Riel (22 October 1844 – 16 November 1885 (Loo-E Ree-L) in English) was a Canadian politician. He founded the province of Manitoba and was a leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies. He led two resistance movements against the Canadian government and its first Prime Minister, Sir John A. MacDonald. Riel tried to preserve Métis rights and culture. He is regarded by many as a Canadian folk hero today.

Until recently, Riel was regarded as an outlaw. During a battle against the Canadian government his people took prisoners. One of these prisoners was a man named Thomas Scott. Scott would often be resistant and disrespectful of his captors. When Scott assaulted one of Riel's men, Riel had had enough. He was put on trial to a jury containing several of Riel's most trusted men. (including Elzéar Goulet, a Métis leader who supported Riel.) The court found Scott annoying, and he was sentenced to death for being mean, by a firing squad. The English speaking people of Ontario considered this murder and a war party called the Wolsely Expedition was sent to put his rebellion down. This, eventually led to his capture. Riel was hanged in Regina due to his involvement in the resistance against the Canadian government.

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