River Adur facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Adur
River Adur below Wineham.JPG
The Adur, downstream from Wineham Bridge
Other name(s) Beeding River, Bramber Water, Sore - all archaically
Country England
Region Sussex
Physical characteristics
Main source Western Adur
Slinfold
River mouth English Channel
Shoreham-by-Sea
Length 20 mi (32 km)
Basin features
Tributaries
  • Left:
    Lancing Brook (near Shipley), Ladywell Stream
  • Right:
    Cowfold Stream

The Adur (/ˈdʊər/ or /ˈdə/) is a river in Sussex, England; it gives its name to the Adur district of West Sussex. The river, which is 20 miles (32 km) long, was once navigable for large vessels up as far as Steyning, where there was a large Saxon port, but by the 11th century the lower river became silted up and the port moved down to the deeper waters at the mouth of the river in Shoreham-by-Sea.

Watercourse

River Adur - geograph.org.uk - 690749
River Adur at Shoreham-by-Sea, view towards Norfolk Bridge

The Adur begins as two separate branches, the western Adur and the eastern Adur, which meet 2km west of Henfield.

The western Adur rises at Slinfold from where it flows around Coolham and then through Shipley, where it meets Lancing Brook and flows on to West Grinstead and Knepp Castle. The western Adur is tidal as far north as Bines Bridge near Bines Green, south of West Grinstead.

The eastern Adur rises at Ditchling Common, in East Sussex, from where it crosses into West Sussex and meets another major stream at Twineham. At Shermanbury, the eastern Adur is fed by the Cowfold Stream. The Normal Tidal Limit is just below this at the footbridge near Shermanbury Church although a weir just above the confluence with the Western Adur means that only the highest tides reach here. Up to the early 1800s boats could navigate to Mock Bridge where the A281 crosses the Adur.

West of Henfield, the two branches of the river meet before flowing between Upper Beeding and Bramber, past Coombes, through a gap in the South Downs near Lancing College where the Adur is fed by the Ladywell Stream. The river continues on to the English Channel at Shoreham-by-Sea. The mouth of the Adur is now two miles (3 km) from the town centre of Shoreham due to longshore drift.

The Baybridge Canal uses part of the Adur's watercourse.


River Adur Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.