Robert Clive facts for kids

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The Lord Clive

KB FRS
Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive by Nathaniel Dance, (later Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, Bt).jpg
Lord Clive in military uniform. The Battle of Plassey is shown behind him.
By Nathaniel Dance. National Portrait Gallery, London.
Governor of the Presidency of Fort William, Bengal
In office
1757–1760
Preceded by Roger Drake
as President
Succeeded by Henry Vansittart
In office
1765–1766
Preceded by Henry Vansittart
Succeeded by Harry Verelst
Personal details
Born (1725-09-29)29 September 1725
Styche Hall, Market Drayton, Shropshire, England
Died 22 November 1774(1774-11-22) (aged 49)
Berkeley Square, Westminster, London
Nationality British
Alma mater Merchant Taylors' School
Awards KB
Military service
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Branch/service Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company Army
Years of service 1746–1774
Rank Major-general
Unit British East India Company
Commands Commander-in-Chief of India
Battles/wars War of the Austrian Succession
Battle of Madras
Siege of Cuddalore
Siege of Pondicherry
Tanjore Expedition
Second Carnatic War
Siege of Trichinopoly
Siege of Arcot
Battle of Arnee
Battle of Chingleput
Seven Years' War
Battle of Vijaydurg
Recapture of Calcutta
Battle of Chandannagar
Battle of Plassey

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey, KB (29 September 1725 – 22 November 1774), also known as Clive of India, was a British soldier who established British control in Southern India and Bengal. Together with Warren Hastings he was one of the key figures in the creation of British India.

Robert Clive was born at Styche, the family estate, in the parish in Moreton Say, near Market Drayton, Shropshire. Teachers were unable to control the young Clive. He is said to have climbed the tower of St Mary's Parish Church in Market Drayton and sat on a gargoyle, frightening people down below. He also attempted to set up a protection racket enforced by a gang of youths. Faced with the choice of paying up or receiving a visit from Clive and his 'boys', many of Market Drayton's shopkeepers decided to pay. His bad behaviour resulted in him being expelled from three schools, including Market Drayton Grammar School. he also went to Clifton College School. he boarded there for 3 years


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