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Shah Alam II
Mughal Emperor
Shah Alam II, 1790s.jpg
Shah Alam II and the Mughal imperial throne.
16th Mughal Emperor
1st reign 10 October 1760 – 31 July 1788
Predecessor Shah Jahan III
Successor Muhammad Shah Bahadur
2nd reign 16 October 1788 – 19 November 1806
Predecessor Muhammad Shah Bahadur
Successor Akbar Shah II
Born (1728-06-25)25 June 1728
Shahjahanabad, Subah of Delhi, Mughal Empire
(present-day Old Delhi, Delhi, India)
Died 19 November 1806(1806-11-19) (aged 78)
Shahjahanabad, Subah of Delhi, Mughal Empire
Burial Zafar Mahal, Mehrauli, Delhi
Spouse Piari Begum
Taj Mahal Begum
Jamil un-nisa Begum
Mubaraq Mahal
Murad Bakht Begum
Issue Over 16 sons (including Akbar II and Mirza Jawan Bakht) and 2 daughters
Full name
'Abdu'llah Jalal ud-din Abu'l Muzaffar Ham ud-din Muhammad 'Ali Gauhar Shah-i-'Alam II
House Timurid
Father Alamgir II
Mother Zinat Mahal
Religion Islam

Shah Alam II, (25 June 1728 – 19 November 1806) was the eighteenth Mughal Emperor and the son of Alamgir II. He became the emperor of the Mughal Empire; his power was so depleted during his reign that it led to a saying in the Persian language, Sultanat-e-Shah Alam, Az Dilli ta Palam, meaning, 'The kingdom of Shah Alam is from Delhi to Palam', Palam being a suburb of Delhi.

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