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Romaine River
Rivière Romaine.jpg
Other name(s) Rivière Romaine
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Region Côte-Nord
Physical characteristics
Main source Unnamed wilderness
685 m (2,247 ft)
River mouth Gulf of Saint Lawrence
About 15 km west of Havre-Saint-Pierre
0 m (0 ft)
Length 496 km (308 mi)
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    340 m3/s (12,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Basin size 14,350 km2 (5,540 sq mi)
Tributaries

The Romaine River is a river in the Côte-Nord region of the Canadian province of Quebec. It is 496 kilometres (308 mi) long. It is not to be confused with the Olomane River that is 220 kilometres (140 mi) to the east and had the same name for a long time. It flows south into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.

Location

The Romaine River is about 518 kilometres (322 mi) long, none of which is in Labrador since the east bank of the river forms the border between Quebec and Labrador. The river has a Strahler number of 7. It has its source on the boundary between the Atlantic and Saint Lawrence watersheds, and flows first through a series of lakes, including Long, Marc, Brûlé (Burnt), Lavoie, Anderson, and Lozeau. This portion of the river to just past the confluence with Uauahkue Patauan Creek forms the boundary between Quebec and Labrador. Then it flows in a mostly southerly direction until a dozen miles from the coast where it takes a sharp turn to the west, flowing through a series of swampy waterlogged small lakes. The Romaine River drains into the Jacques Cartier Strait, opposite the Mingan Archipelago, that is part of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.

Name

The name Romaine, in use since the end of the 19th century, is a French adaptation of the Native American term Ouraman or Ulaman as noted by Jean-Baptiste-Louis Franquelin in 1685, while Jacques-Nicolas Bellin wrote Ramane on his map of 1744. It comes from unaman, meaning "vermilion" or "red ochre". Deposits of this material are found on the banks of the Olomane River.

Basin

The Romaine River basin covers 14,510 square kilometres (5,600 sq mi). It lies between the basins of the Mingan River to the west and the Ours River to the east. About 15.5% of the basin is in Labrador north of the provincial boundary. In Quebec the basin includes parts of the unorganized territory of Lac-Jérôme and the municipality of Havre-Saint-Pierre. The Mine du lac Tio, an iron and titanium mine, is in the river basin. It also includes the proposed Buttes du Lac aux Sauterelles biodiversity reserve.

Tributaries

The significant tributaries of the Romaine River are (in upstream order):

  • Puyjalon River
    • Allard River
  • South-East Romaine River
  • Abbé Huard River
  • Garneau River
    • West Garneau River
  • Little Romaine River
  • Touladis River
  • Sauterelles River
  • Rivière aux Pêchueurs

Fauna

The Romaine River is home to the Atlantic salmon that swims 52 kilometres (32 mi) upstream as far as the Grande Chute. Other fish species are brook trout (found along the river's entire length), lake trout (in most lakes), and landlocked salmon (upstream of Grande Chute).

Sources

|title=Hydrology of the Transboundary Rivers of Southern Labrador |publisher=Government of Newfoundland & Labrador, Department of Environment and Conservation |date=April 2013}}
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