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San Joaquin, California facts for kids

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San Joaquin, California
City of San Joaquin
Official seal of San Joaquin, California
Seal
Location in Fresno County and the state of California
Location in Fresno County and the state of California
San Joaquin, California is located in the United States
San Joaquin, California
San Joaquin, California
Location in the United States
Country United States
State California
County Fresno
Incorporated February 14, 1920
Named for St. Joachim
Government
 • Type Council–Manager
Area
 • Total 1.20 sq mi (3.10 km2)
 • Land 1.20 sq mi (3.10 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation
174 ft (53 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 4,001
 • Estimate 
(2019)
4,021
 • Density 3,359.23/sq mi (1,296.59/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
93660
Area code(s) 559
FIPS code 06-67126
GNIS feature IDs 277594, 2411789

San Joaquin (Spanish: San Joaquín, meaning "St. Joachim") is a city in Fresno County, California, United States. The population was 4,001 at the 2010 census, up from 3,270 at the 2000 census. The nearest high school in the area is Tranquillity High School in Tranquillity. San Joaquin is located 11 miles (18 km) southwest of Kerman, at an elevation of 174 feet (53 m).

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city incorporates a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), all of it land.

History

The first post office opened in San Joaquin in 1913. San Joaquin incorporated in 1920.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 163
1940 240 47.2%
1950 632 163.3%
1960 879 39.1%
1970 1,506 71.3%
1980 1,930 28.2%
1990 2,311 19.7%
2000 3,270 41.5%
2010 4,001 22.4%
2019 (est.) 4,021 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010

At the 2010 census San Joaquin had a population of 4,001. The population density was 3,485.3 people per square mile (1,345.7/km2). The racial makeup of San Joaquin was 1,966 (49.1%) White, 31 (0.8%) African American, 54 (1.3%) Native American, 37 (0.9%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 1,766 (44.1%) from other races, and 147 (3.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,825 persons (95.6%).

The whole population lived in households, no one lived in non-institutionalized group quarters and no one was institutionalized.

There were 882 households, 660 (74.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 601 (68.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 163 (18.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 51 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 47 (5.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (0.1%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 48 households (5.4%) were one person and 20 (2.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 4.54. There were 815 families (92.4% of households); the average family size was 4.66.

The age distribution was 1,652 people (41.3%) under the age of 18, 428 people (10.7%) aged 18 to 24, 1,100 people (27.5%) aged 25 to 44, 646 people (16.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 175 people (4.4%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 23.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.6 males.

There were 934 housing units at an average density of 813.6 per square mile (314.1/km2),of which 882 were occupied, 406 (46.0%) by the owners and 476 (54.0%) by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.3%. 1,997 people (49.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,004 people (50.1%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

At the 2000 census there were 3,270 people in 702 households, including 636 families, in the city. The population density was 3,302.4 people per square mile (1,275.3/km2). There were 735 housing units at an average density of 742.3 per square mile (286.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 35.44% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 1.56% Native American, 3.61% Asian, 53.73% from other races, and 5.44% from two or more races. 91.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 702 households 67.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.9% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 9.3% were non-families. 6.7% of households were one person and 4.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 4.66 and the average family size was 4.79.

The age distribution was 41.2% under the age of 18, 14.2% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 12.7% from 45 to 64, and 4.0% 65 or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 113.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,934, and the median family income was $25,441. Males had a median income of $20,382 versus $16,023 for females. The per capita income for the city was $6,607. About 33.9% of families and 34.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.1% of those under age 18 and 23.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

In a county dominated by the agriculture industry, San Joaquin residents mostly work on farms. The city suffers from poverty, and poor educational standards and achievements. According to New York Times columnist David Brooks, only "2.9 percent of the residents have bachelor’s degrees and 20.6 percent have high school degrees." Brooks believes these factors will prevent long-term economic development and poverty alleviation.

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