San Joaquin County, California facts for kids

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San Joaquin County, California
County
San Joaquin County
Downtown Stockton California.jpg Lodi Arch 2.jpg
San Joaquin River Bridge at Mossdale Crossing, San Joaquin County CA USA September 2012.JPG Lockeford CA.JPG
StanislausRvrAtCaswellSP.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: Downtown Stockton waterfront, Lodi Arch, San Joaquin River Bridge at Mossdale Crossing, Lockeford, Stanislaus River at Caswell Memorial State Park
Official seal of San Joaquin County, California
Seal
Location of San Joaquin County in California
Location of San Joaquin County in California
California's location in the United States
California's location in the United States
Country  United States
State  California
Region San Joaquin Valley
Incorporated February 18, 1850
Area
 • Total 1,426 sq mi (3,690 km2)
 • Land 1,391 sq mi (3,600 km2)
 • Water 35 sq mi (90 km2)
Highest elevation 3,629 ft (1,106 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)
 • Total 704,379
 • Estimate (2015) 726,106
 • Density 493.95/sq mi (190.72/km2)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
FIPS code 06-077
GNIS feature ID 277303
Website www.sjgov.org

San Joaquin County /ˈsæn wɑːˈkn/ is a county in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 685,306. The county seat is Stockton.

San Joaquin County comprises the Stockton-Lodi, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the more inclusive San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area. The county is located in Northern California's Central Valley, just east of the less extensive nine-county San Francisco Bay Area region.

The City of San Joaquin, despite sharing its name with the county, is located in Fresno County.

History

San Joaquin County was one of the original United States counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood.

The county was named for the San Joaquin River which runs through it. In the early 19th century Lieutenant Gabriel Moraga, commanding an expedition in the lower great California Central Valley, gave the name of San Joaquin (meaning Joachim) to the San Joaquin River, which springs from the southern Sierra Nevada. San Joaquin County is the site of the San Joaquin Valley's first permanent residence.

Between 1843 and 1846, during the era when California was a province of independent Mexico, five Mexican land grants were made in what became San Joaquin County: Campo de los Franceses, Pescadero (Grimes), Pescadero (Pico), Sanjon de los Moquelumnes and Thompson.

It was developed for ranching and agriculture. It attracted more miners and settlers at the time of the California Gold Rush.

Tracy tire fire

On August 7, 1998, a tire fire ignited at S.F. Royster's Tire Disposal just south of Tracy on South MacArthur Drive, near Linne Rd. The tire dump held over 7 million illegally stored tires and was allowed to burn for more than two years before it was extinguished. Allowing the fire to burn was considered to be a better way to avoid groundwater contamination than putting it out. The cleanup cost $16.2 million and wound up contaminating local groundwater anyway.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,426 square miles (3,690 km2), of which 1,391 square miles (3,600 km2) is land and 35 square miles (91 km2) (2.5%) is water.

The center of San Joaquin County is near Stockton at about 37°54'N 121°12'W (37.9,-121.2).

National protected area

  • San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,647
1860 9,435 158.7%
1870 21,050 123.1%
1880 24,349 15.7%
1890 28,629 17.6%
1900 35,452 23.8%
1910 50,731 43.1%
1920 79,905 57.5%
1930 102,940 28.8%
1940 134,207 30.4%
1950 200,750 49.6%
1960 249,989 24.5%
1970 290,208 16.1%
1980 347,342 19.7%
1990 480,628 38.4%
2000 563,598 17.3%
2010 685,306 21.6%
Est. 2015 726,106 6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

The 2010 United States Census reported that San Joaquin County had a population of 685,306. The racial makeup of San Joaquin County was 349,287 (51.0%) White, 51,744 (7.6%) African American, 7,196 (1.1%) Native American, 98,472 (14.4%) Asian, 3,758 (0.5%) Pacific Islander, 131,054 (19.1%) from other races, and 43,795 (6.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 266,341 persons (38.9%). The Filipino American population was 46,447, just under half (47%) of all Asian Americans in San Joaquin County, and as of 1990 have been the largest population of Asian Americans in the county.

2000

As of the census of 2000, there were 563,598 people, 181,629 households, and 134,768 families residing in the county. The population density was 403 people per square mile (156/km²). There were 189,160 housing units at an average density of 135 per square mile (52/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 58.1% White, 6.7% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 11.4% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 16.3% from other races, and 6.1% from two or more races. 30.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 9.3% were of German, 5.3% Irish and 5.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 66.4% spoke English, 21.3% Spanish, 2.2% Tagalog, 1.8% Mon-Khmer or Cambodian, 1.1% Vietnamese and 1.1% Hmong as their first language.

There were 181,629 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.8% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.48.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,282, and the median income for a family was $46,919. Males had a median income of $39,246 versus $27,507 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,365. About 13.5% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.7% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Metropolitan Statistical Area

The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated San Joaquin County as the Stockton-Lodi, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The United States Census Bureau ranked the Stockton-Lodi, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area as the 76th most populous metropolitan statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.

The Office of Management and Budget has further designated the Stockton-Lodi, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area as a component of the more extensive San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area, the 5th most populous combined statistical area and primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-5 (CA).svg Interstate 5
  • I-205 (CA).svg Interstate 205
  • I-580 (CA).svg Interstate 580
  • California 4.svg State Route 4 (Crosstown Freeway/California Delta Highway)
  • California 12.svg State Route 12
  • California 26.svg State Route 26
  • California 88.svg State Route 88
  • California 99.svg State Route 99
  • California 120.svg State Route 120
  • California 132.svg State Route 132

Public transportation

San Joaquin Regional Transit District provides city bus service within Stockton. RTD also runs intercity routes throughout the county, and subscription commuter routes to Livermore, Pleasanton, Sacramento, and Santa Clara County.

The cities of Lodi, Escalon, Manteca, Tracy and Ripon operate their own bus systems.

Train and bus service

Greyhound buses and Amtrak trains both stop in Stockton. Amtrak's San Joaquins Oakland-Bakersfield train stops at the San Joaquin Street Station. Amtrak's San Joaquins Sacramento-Bakersfield trains stop at the Robert J. Cabral Station which is also used by Altamont Commuter Express trains which originate in Stockton. RTD Hopper is a public bus service connecting Ripon, Manteca, Tracy, Lodi and Lathrop to Stockton.

Airports

Stockton Metropolitan Airport features passenger service to Las Vegas along with cargo service and general aviation. Other general aviation airports in the county include Lodi Airport and Tracy Municipal Airport.

Port

Port of Stockton is a major inland deepwater port in Stockton, California located on the San Joaquin River before it joins the Sacramento River to empty into Suisun Bay, eighty miles inland. The port sits on about 4,200 acres (17 km2), and occupies an island in the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of San Joaquin County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Stockton City 291,707
2 Tracy City 82,922
3 Manteca City 67,096
4 Lodi City 62,134
5 Lathrop City 18,023
6 Ripon City 14,297
7 Garden Acres CDP 10,468
8 Mountain House CDP 9,675
9 Country Club CDP 9,379
10 August CDP 8,390
11 Escalon City 7,132
12 Lincoln Village CDP 4,381
13 Woodbridge CDP 3,984
14 Morada CDP 3,828
15 French Camp CDP 3,376
16 Kennedy CDP 3,254
17 Lockeford CDP 3,233
18 Dogtown CDP 2,506
19 Collierviile CDP 1,934
20 Linden CDP 1,784
21 Taft Mosswood CDP 1,530
22 Thornton CDP 1,131
23 Peters CDP 672
24 Waterloo CDP 572
25 Terminous CDP 381
26 Acampo CDP 341
27 Victor CDP 293
28 Farmington CDP 207

Images for kids


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