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Sapulpa, Oklahoma
Creek County Courthouse, 2014
Creek County Courthouse, 2014
Motto(s): 
"Oklahoma's Most Connected City"
Location within Creek County and Oklahoma
Location within Creek County and Oklahoma
Sapulpa, Oklahoma is located in the United States
Sapulpa, Oklahoma
Sapulpa, Oklahoma
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Oklahoma
Counties Creek, Tulsa
Area
 • Total 24.33 sq mi (63.02 km2)
 • Land 23.55 sq mi (61.00 km2)
 • Water 0.78 sq mi (2.02 km2)
Elevation
715 ft (218 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 20,544
 • Estimate 
(2019)
21,278
 • Density 903.49/sq mi (348.84/km2)
Demonym(s) Sapulpan
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
74066-74067
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-65400
GNIS feature ID 1097835

Sapulpa is a city in Creek and Tulsa counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 20,544 at the 2010 United States census, compared to 19,166 at the 2000 census. As of 2019, the estimated population was 21,278. It is the county seat of Creek County.

History

Early history

The town was named after the area's first permanent settler, a full-blood Lower Creek Indian named Sapulpa, of the Kasihta Tribe, from Osocheetown, Alabama. About 1850, he established a trading post near the meeting of Polecat and Rock creeks (about one mile (1.6 km) southeast of present-day downtown Sapulpa). When the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad (later known as the Frisco Railroad) built a spur to this area in 1886, it was known as Sapulpa Station. The Sapulpa post office was chartered July 1, 1889. The town was incorporated March 31, 1898.

Economic development

The area around Sapulpa mainly produced walnuts when the town was founded. In 1898, the Sapulpa Pressed Brick was established, followed in a few years by the Sapulpa Brick Company. This began the clay products industry. The Frisco built a railyard in Sapulpa and by 1900 designated Sapulpa as the location of an overhaul base for its rolling stock. The founding of Premium Glass Company in 1912 marked Sapulpa's entry to glass manufacturing. Premium Glass was absorbed into Liberty Glass Company in 1918. Other glass producers in the city were Bartlett-Collins Glass Company, Schram Glass Company, and Sunflower Glass Company. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History, Sapulpa became known as "The Crystal City of the Southwest". Sapulpa is also the home of Frankoma Pottery.

Geography

Sapulpa is located in the northeast corner of Creek County at 36°0′13″N 96°6′17″W / 36.00361°N 96.10472°W / 36.00361; -96.10472 (36.003536, -96.104822). A small portion of the city extends north into Tulsa County. Downtown Tulsa is 14 miles (23 km) to the northeast via Interstate 44. The Creek Turnpike (State Highway 364) branches east from I-44 in northeastern Sapulpa and provides a southern and eastern bypass of Tulsa.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Sapulpa has a total area of 25.1 square miles (65.1 km2), of which 24.3 square miles (63.0 km2) is land and 0.81 square miles (2.1 km2), or 3.21%, is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 891
1910 8,283 829.6%
1920 11,634 40.5%
1930 10,533 −9.5%
1940 12,249 16.3%
1950 13,031 6.4%
1960 14,282 9.6%
1970 15,159 6.1%
1980 15,853 4.6%
1990 18,074 14.0%
2000 19,166 6.0%
2010 20,544 7.2%
Sources:

As of the 2010 census, there were 20,544 people, 8,015 households, and 5,497 families residing in the city. The population density was 844.3 people per square mile. There were 8,903 housing units at an average density of 435.4 per square mile (168.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.5% White, 3.0% African American, 10.9% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.5% from other races, and 6.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.

There were 7,430 households, out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.1% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,372 and the median income for a family was $52,639. Males had a median income of $30,524 versus $21,609 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,275. About 11.5% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.

Culture and education

Sapulpa has an organization known as Sapulpa Main Street, one of the various national Main Street programs, the purpose of which is to preserve and enhance the cultural heritage of the town, and to improve its quality of life, by revitalizing the Central Business District as the center of the Community.

In 2013, the Sapulpa Creek Community Center graduated a class of 14 from its Muscogee Creek language class.

Notable people

  • Bob Ballinger, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives, taught history in Sapulpa from 1999 to 2002.
  • The Collins Kids, musicians, Lorrie and Larry Collins, resided near Sapulpa in the early 1950s.
  • Joe Haymes, jazz orchestra leader, lived here for extended periods in the 1940s and '50s.
  • Regina Holliday, art teacher, artist, muralist, and patient rights advocate, graduated from Sapulpa High School.
  • William Miller Jenkins (1856–1941), a native Ohioan, he was appointed as the as the fifth governor of the Territory of Oklahoma in 1901. He moved to Sapulpa in 1920, where he lived for the rest of his life
  • George William Miller (1925–2006), former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury under President Carter from August 6, 1979, to January 20, 1981. And previously as the 11th Chairman of the Federal Reserve
  • Shara Nova, lead singer and songwriter for My Brightest Diamond. Former backup vocalist for Sufjan Stevens and the frontwoman of Awry.

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