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Second War of Scottish Independence facts for kids

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Second War of Scottish Independence
Anglo-Scottish War of Succession
Part of the Wars of Scottish Independence and the Hundred Years' War
Date 1332–1357
Location
Result Scottish victory
Belligerents
Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg Kingdom of Scotland
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Kingdom of France
Royal Arms of England (1340-1367).svg Kingdom of England
Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg Balliol Supporters
Commanders and leaders
  • Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg David II of Scotland
  • Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Philip VI of France #
  • Arms of the Earl of Mar.svg Donald II, Earl of Mar  
  • Sir Archibald Douglas  
  • Douglas Arms 3.svg William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas
  • Moray Coat of Arms.svg John Randolph, 3rd Earl of Moray  
  • William Douglas, Lord of Liddesdale  Executed
  • Sir Alexander Ramsay  Executed
  • Sir Andrew Murray #
Strength
Up to 13,000 Up to 9,000
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The Second War of Scottish Independence began in 1333 when Edward III of England did not accept the 1328 Treaty of Northampton any more, under which England recognised the legitimacy of the dynasty established by Robert Bruce. Edward was determined to support the claim of Edward Balliol, the son of the former king, John Balliol, over David II, Bruce's son and heir. Balliol had ruled in Scotland for a short time in the autumn of 1332, but was thrown out of the country later in the year. The war itself lasted until 1357, when David II was released from English captivity. English involvement in Scotland was also one of the factors that lead to the outbreak of the Hundred Years' War with France in 1337.

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