kids encyclopedia robot

Sino-Soviet split facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Sino–Soviet split
Part of Cold War and Sino-Soviet relations
Mao Tsé-toung, portrait en buste, assis, faisant face à Nikita Khrouchtchev, pendant la visite du chef russe 1958 à Pékin.jpg
Two years into the Sino–Soviet split, Chairman Mao Zedong of the PRC was host to Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, in 1958.
Date 1956–1966
Caused by De-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, Marxist revisionism and Maoism
Methods Proxy war, propaganda and Sino-Soviet border conflict
Resulted in A tri-polar cold war and competition for Eastern Bloc allies

The Sino-Soviet split (1960–1989) was a time when the relations between the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union weakened during the Cold War. Eventually, China's leader, Mao Zedong, decided to break the alliance with the Soviet Union.

Sino-Soviet cooperation

The Soviet leader, Stalin, wanted to help spread communism, especially in China. During the Chinese Civil War, the Soviets gave weapons and supplies to the Kuomintang, but once the Communists were about to win, Stalin and the Soviet Union decided to help the Communists. This is one of the main reasons for the Sino-Soviet split since the Soviets didn't help Mao and the Communists from the start.

The split

Suddenly, in 1953, Stalin died. Mao saw Stalin as the leader of Communism, but also had a negative relationship with the Soviet Union throughout his time as leader. The new Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev, was not like Stalin. He did not want capitalism to collapse like Stalin did. Mao got angry about this, and he wanted Nikita Khrushchev to help him fight the imperialists. Khrushchev said no, and then Mao decided that if Khrushchev was not going to cooperate, they would not work with each other anymore.


There was peace between the USSR and China, but they were suspicious of each other. They were no longer allies, and Mao's supporters said that it had been a victory.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Ruptura sino-soviética para niños

kids search engine
Sino-Soviet split Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.