Enver Hoxha facts for kids

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Enver Hoxha
HODŽA druhá míza.jpg
First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania
In office
8 November 1941 – 11 April 1985
Succeeded by Ramiz Alia
2nd Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the People's Republic of Albania
In office
24 October 1944 – 18 July 1954
Preceded by Ibrahim Biçakçiu (as Prime Minister of Albania)
Succeeded by Mehmet Shehu
Personal details
Born (1908-10-16)16 October 1908
Ergiri (Gjirokastër), Janina Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died 11 April 1985(1985-04-11) (aged 76)
Tirana, People's Socialist Republic of Albania
Nationality Albanian
Political party Party of Labour of Albania
Spouse(s) Nexhmije Hoxha
Children Ilir

Enver Halil Hoxha (Albanian pronunciation: [ɛnˈvɛɾ ˈhɔdʒa] ( listen); 16 October 1908 – 11 April 1985) was the communist dictator of Albania from 1944 until his death in 1985. His title was First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania.

Early life

Hoxha was born in Gjirokastër, a city in southern Albania (then under the Ottoman Empire) that has been home to many prominent families. He was the son of Halil Hoxha, a Bektashi Tosk cloth merchant who traveled widely across Europe and the United States and Gjylihan (Gjylo) Hoxha. He was raised a member of a wealthy Muslim family of landowners and merchants. He went to the best schools in Albania in the 1920s. He was given one of the few scholarships to a foreign college. In 1931 he attended the University of Montpellier in France. He lost his scholarship in 1934 for poor performance and moved to Paris.

Near the end of World War II he became the Prime Minister of Albania.

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