American imperialism facts for kids
American imperialism describes policies aimed at extending the political, economic, and cultural control of the United States over areas beyond its boundaries. It may include military conquest, gunboat diplomacy, unequal treaties, subsidization of preferred factions, economic penetration through private companies followed by intervention when those interests are threatened, or regime change.
The policy of imperialism is attributed to the late 19th century. The government of the US has never referred to itself as an empire, but some refer to it as such.
At one time this influence included expansion into foreign territories. Expansionism was a primary objective of most empires, an example being the British Empire. Modern imperialism started in the 15th century when European countries discovered, and fought to claim, the New World.
American imperialism began in the 1890s. In 1896 the US annexed the Hawaiian Islands. After the Spanish-American War the US annexed Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. In 1914 the US completed the Panama Canal.
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine increased US influence in Latin America. It was the basis for Roosevelt's Big Stick policy. The US evolved from expansionism towards being an influence on world affairs.
The United States has also been accused of neocolonialism, (the use of economic, political, cultural, or other pressures to control or influence other countries), sometimes defined as a modern form of dominance that uses economic rather than military power.
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American imperialism Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.