St Hugh's Charterhouse facts for kids
|Mother house||Grande Chartreuse,
|Dedicated to||Hugh of Lincoln|
|Heritage designation||Grade II* listed|
near Cowfold, Horsham, West Sussex, England
St Hugh's Charterhouse, Parkminster, is the only post-Reformation Carthusian monastery in the United Kingdom. It is located in the parish of Cowfold, West Sussex, England. It is a Grade II* listed building.
The monastery was founded in 1873, when the property formerly known as Picknoll was acquired for its construction in order to accommodate two houses of French Carthusians in exile. Building took place between 1876 and 1883 to designs by a French architect, Clovis Normand, who had at his disposal a generous budget. The number of monks has varied: 22 in 1883, 43 in 1932, 22 in 1984, and there were 27 monks as of January 2021.
The buildings are in a French Gothic Revival style although Pevsner's judgement was that 'the plan is magnificent and can only be properly seen from the air'. The church has relics of Saint Hugh of Lincoln, Saint Boniface and the Virgin Mary; and an unusually tall 62-metre (203 ft) spire. It stands in the centre of buildings including a library with a collection of rare books and manuscripts and a chapter house decorated with images of the martyrdom of the monks' predecessors.
The Great Cloister, about 550 metres (1,800 ft) long, one of the longest in the world, connects the 34 hermitages to the church and the other buildings, embracing four acres of orchards and the monastic burial ground. The total length of the cloisters is 1,012 m.
St Hugh's Charterhouse Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.