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Sturgeon Bay facts for kids

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Sturgeon Bay
Location Door County, Wisconsin
Type Bay
Surface elevation 581 feet (177 m)
Settlements Sturgeon Bay, Nasewaupee, Sevastopol, Idlewild
SturgeonBayWisconsinBay
Looking southeast across Sturgeon Bay
SturgeonBayNorthwestPotawatomiStatePark
Looking northeast at the mouth of Sturgeon Bay

Sturgeon Bay is an arm of Green Bay extending southeastward approximately 10 miles into the Door Peninsula at the city of Sturgeon Bay, located approximately halfway up the Door Peninsula. The bay is connected to Lake Michigan by the Sturgeon Bay Ship Canal.

Bridges

Three bridges cross the bay, including the historic Sturgeon Bay Bridge, and the recently finished Oregon Street Bridge.

Fish

Sturgeon Bay and Little Sturgeon (just to the south of Sturgeon Bay) are considered biodiversity hotspots because they support a large number of different fish species.

Mayflies

In June 2016, an estimated several thousand mayflies hatched in Sawyer Bay (within Sturgeon Bay). This was the result of an experiment to stock millions of eggs from the species Hexagenia limbata and Hexagenia bilineata in the lower Green Bay area in an attempt to reintroduce the species. The last mayfly from the genus Hexagenia had been collected in the lower Green Bay area in 1955. As mayfly populations can be unstable and not all stocking locations appeared to be successful, as of 2017 it was not yet known whether it would be possible for populations of Hexagenia mayflies to become self-sustaining.

Climate

Weather chart for Dunlap Reef (in the middle of the bay)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
57
 
-6
-8
 
 
54
 
-8
-15
 
 
60
 
1
-4
 
 
129
 
9
-2
 
 
93
 
13
3
 
 
85
 
18
9
 
 
97
 
21
12
 
 
78
 
20
15
 
 
87
 
19
12
 
 
129
 
11
3
 
 
85
 
7
1
 
 
65
 
-2
-2
temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
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Sturgeon Bay Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.