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Su Tseng-chang
Premier of the Republic of China
Assumed office
14 January 2019
President Tsai Ing-wen
Vice Premier Chen Chi-mai
Shen Jong-chin
Preceded by Lai Ching-te
In office
25 January 2006 – 21 May 2007
President Chen Shui-bian
Vice Premier Tsai Ing-wen
Preceded by Frank Hsieh
Succeeded by Chang Chun-hsiung
Chairman of the Democratic Progressive Party
In office
30 May 2012 – 28 May 2014
Preceded by Tsai Ing-wen
Succeeded by Tsai Ing-wen
In office
15 February 2005 – 3 December 2005
Preceded by Ker Chien-ming (acting)
Succeeded by Annette Lu (acting)
Magistrate of Taipei County
In office
20 December 1997 – 20 May 2004
Preceded by You Ching
Succeeded by Lin Hsi-yao (acting)
Chou Hsi-wei
Magistrate of Pingtung County
In office
20 December 1989 – 20 December 1993
Preceded by Shih Meng-hsiung
Succeeded by Wu Tse-yuan
Personal details
Born (1947-07-28) 28 July 1947 (age 76)
Pingtung City, Kaohsiung County, Taiwan Province, Republic of China
Nationality Taiwanese
Political party Democratic Progressive Party
Spouse(s) Chan Hsiu-ling
Children 3, including Su Chiao-hui
Alma mater National Taiwan University (LL.B.)
Profession Lawyer
Su Tseng-chang
Su Tseng-chang
Traditional Chinese 蘇貞昌
Simplified Chinese 苏贞昌

Hope Su Tseng-chang (Chinese: 蘇貞昌; born 28 July 1947) is a Taiwanese politician serving as premier of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since 2019, and previously from 2006 to 2007. He was the chairman of the Democratic Progressive Party in 2005 and from 2012 to 2014. Su served as Chief of Staff to President Chen Shui-bian in 2004. He is currently the longest-serving Democratic Progressive premier in history.

Su actively campaigned for the DPP presidential nomination in 2008, but finished second to Frank Hsieh. Su eventually teamed with Hsieh as the vice presidential nominee; the DPP lost to the Kuomintang ticket of Ma Ying-jeou and Vincent Siew. Su ran for Taipei City Mayor in November 2010, but lost to the incumbent Hau Lung-pin by a 12-point margin. Su campaigned for the 2012 presidential candidacy of the DPP in 2011, but lost to Tsai Ing-wen by a very narrow margin. Following the loss of Tsai to Ma Ying-jeou, Su was elected to succeed Tsai as DPP chairman in 2012.

During the Chen administration, Su, along with politicians Annette Lu, Frank Hsieh and Yu Shyi-kun, are collectively known as the "Big Four of the Democratic Progressive Party". Su is nicknamed the "Lightbulb" (Chinese: 電火球) by the Taiwanese media and DPP voters, a nickname he earned in the 1980s for his charismatic approach to campaigning during election season, in addition to being an affectionate reference to the balding Su.

Personal background

Su was born at Ministry of Health and Welfare Pingtung Hospital in Pingtung, Taiwan on 28 July 1947. He studied at the National Taiwan University. He was a practicing lawyer from 1973 to 1983 and became a defense lawyer in the Kaohsiung Incident trials. In September 1986, Su and seventeen others founded the Democratic Progressive Party.

He was previously the magistrate of Pingtung County (1989–1993) and magistrate of Taipei County (1997–2004). His first election as the Taipei magistrate was aided by a split between the New Party and the Kuomintang. His subsequent reelection occurred by a wide margin despite the ability of the Pan-Blue Coalition to present a united candidate, Wang Chien-shien. He was Secretary-General (Chief of Staff) to the Office of the President of the Republic of China under President Chen Shui-bian (2004–2005). After President Chen resigned as DPP chairman following the 2004 legislative elections, he was elected the 10th-term DPP chairman. Following DPP losses in the 2005 municipal elections on December 3, Su announced that he would, pursuant to a pre-election promise, resign from the chairmanship.

Su is married to Chan Hsiu-ling (詹秀齡) with whom he has three daughters, one of which is Su Chiao-hui.

First premiership: 2006–2007

Su was announced as the new premier on January 19, 2006, and took his oath of office, along with his cabinet, on January 25, 2006. Soon after, Su promised to step down if the people's welfare (referring to crime and other civil problems) did not improve within six months. Su faced calls for his resignation after the Rebar Chinese Bank run, but refused to leave his post at the time.

Su was a contender for the DPP nomination in the 2008 presidential election. He formally announced his candidacy on Feb. 25. In the DPP primary vote on May 6, 2007, Su received 46,994 votes, coming in second to former Premier Frank Hsieh. Conceding defeat in the primary, Su announced that he had withdrawn from the race.

On May 12, 2007, Su submitted his letter of resignation to President Chen Shui-bian, ending his tenure on May 21. With the resignation of Su and with ten months left in Chen's presidency, that would mean Chen's eight years as president will have seen at least six Premiers (with Chang Chun-Hsiung serving two separate tenures). Su also stated that he previously submitted resignations numerous times over his sixteen-month tenure, but all were rejected by President Chen.

First cabinet

The First Su Cabinet
Office Name Term
Premier Su Tseng-chang 2006–2007
Vice Premier Tsai Ing-wen 2006–2007
Minister of the Interior Lee I-yang 2006–2008
Minister of Foreign Affairs James C. F. Huang 2006–2008
Minister of National Defense Lee Jye 2006–2007
Minister of Finance Joseph Lyu 2006–2006
Ho Chih-chin 2006–2008
Minister of Justice Shih Mao-lin 2005–2008
Minister of Economic Affairs Morgan Huang 2006–2006
Steve Chen 2006–2008
Minister of Transportation and Communications Kuo Yao-chi 2006–2006
Tsai Duei 2006–2008
Minister of Education Tu Cheng-sheng 2006–2008

2008 presidential campaign

Su ran for vice president alongside Frank Hsieh, who was the DPP Nomination. Together, Su and Hsieh ran against Ma and Siew. On March 22, they lost in a landslide to Ma and Siew's 7,659,014 (58.45%) votes with their 5,444,949 (41.55%) votes.

Party Candidate Votes Percentage
President Vice president
Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang Ma Ying-Jeou Vincent Siew 7,659,014 58.45%
Democratic Progressive Party Frank Hsieh Su Tseng-chang 5,444,949 41.55%
Total 13,103,963 100.00%

2010 Taipei mayoral race

Although Su had been considered a strong candidate to helm the newly created New Taipei City, because he had previously served the area as Taipei County Magistrate, he instead ran for the mayoralty of Taipei City. Su vowed that should he win, he would serve out the entire term (through 2014) effectively ending any talks of a presidential run in 2012. Su eventually lost the race to the incumbent mayor Hau Lung-pin.

2010 Taipei City Mayoral Election Result
Party # Candidate Votes Percentage
Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 1 Wu Yen-cheng (吳炎成) 1,832 0.13%
Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 2
Hau Lung-pin
797,865 55.65%
Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 3 Helen Hsiao (蕭淑華) 2,238 0.16%
Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 4 Francis Wu (吳武明) 3,672 0.26%
Democratic Progressive Party 5 Su Tseng-chang 628,129 43.81%
Total 1,433,736 100.00%
Voter turnout 70.65%

2012 campaigns

Su declared his candidacy for the 2012 presidential candidacy, but lost a DPP party primary held in April 2011 to Tsai Ing-wen and Hsu Hsin-liang, by a margin of 1.35 percent. He was subsequently elected DPP chairman in May 2012, and was succeeded by Tsai in 2014, after dropping out of the chairmanship election in the wake of the Sunflower Student Movement.

2018 New Taipei mayoral race

New Taipei City 2018
2018 New Taipei mayoralty election result
2018 New Taipei City mayoral results
No. Candidate Party Votes Percentage
1 Su Tseng-chang Democratic Progressive Party 873,692 42.85%
2 Hou You-yi Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 1,165,130 57.15% Vote1.svg

Total voters: 3,264,128; Valid votes: 2,038,822; Voter turnout: 62.46%.

Second premiership: 2019–present

Su was appointed to the premiership on January 14, 2019, by President Tsai Ing-wen. He succeeded William Lai, who had resigned in response to the Democratic Progressive Party's poor performance in the 2018 Taiwanese local elections. Aged 71, when he returned to the premiership, Su became one of the oldest to hold the office. Soon after Su assumed office, approval ratings for Tsai's presidential administration rose. Su and his second cabinet resigned en masse following the 2020 Taiwanese legislative election, as stipulated in the constitution, but Tsai, who won reelection to the presidency, asked him to remain in his post.

Su visited the crash site of the Hualien train derailment.

Second cabinet

The Second Su Cabinet
Office Name Term
Premier Su Tseng-chang 2019–present
Vice Premier Chen Chi-mai 2019–2020
Shen Jong-chin 2020–present
Secretary-General Li Meng-yen 2019–present
Minister of the Interior Hsu Kuo-yung 2019–present
Minister of Foreign Affairs Joseph Wu 2019–present
Minister of National Defense Yen Teh-fa 2019–present
Minister of Finance Su Jain-rong 2019–present
Minister of Education Pan Wen-chung 2019–present
Minister of Justice Tsai Ching-hsiang 2019–present
Minister of Economic Affairs Shen Jong-chin 2019–2020
Wang Mei-hua 2020–present
Minister of Transportation and Communications Lin Chia-lung 2019–2021
Wang Kwo-tsai 2021-present
Minister of Labor Hsu Ming-chun 2019–present
Minister of Health and Welfare Chen Shih-chung 2019–present
Minister of Culture Cheng Li-chun 2019–2020
Lee Yung-te 2020–present
Minister of Science and Technology Chen Liang-gee 2019–2020
Wu Tsung-tsong 2020–present
Ministry of Digital Affairs Audrey Tang 2022–present

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Su Tseng-chang para niños

  • Politics of the Republic of China
National Hispanic Heritage Month on Kiddle
Influential Hispanic activists
Joan Baez
Gloria E. Anzaldúa
Vicente T. Ximenes
Mario G. Obledo
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