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Sudan, Texas
Grain elevator in Sudan
Country  United States
State  Texas
County Lamb
Region Llano Estacado
Established 1918
Elevation 3,757 ft (1,145 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,039
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
ZIP code 79371
Area code 806

Sudan is a city in Lamb County of West Texas, United States. The population was 1,039 at the 2000 census.


According to The Handbook of Texas, the area where the town is now located was once on land granted to the county in 1892 by the 77 Ranch, owned by S.B. Wilson and Wilson Furneaux. The town developed in 1917-18 with a hotel and service from the Santa Fe railroad, which had built a branch line from Lubbock, Texas to Texico, New Mexico, in 1913. The land company manager and first postmaster, P.E. Boesen, suggested the town's name in 1918. A gin was built in 1922 and a bank established a year later. The town was incorporated in 1925, when the population was 600, up from a population of only fifteen in 1920. The first of several grain elevators was also erected in 1925 and the Sudan News began publication. The population was 1,014 in 1930, 1,336 in 1950, 976 in 1970, and 1,091 in 1980. In 1990 it was 983. The population reached 1,039 in 2000.


Sudan is located at 34°04′04″N 102°31′28″W / 34.06778°N 102.52444°W / 34.06778; -102.52444 (34.0678644 -102.5243624).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 1,014
1940 974 −3.9%
1950 1,348 38.4%
1960 1,235 −8.4%
1970 976 −21.0%
1980 1,091 11.8%
1990 983 −9.9%
2000 1,039 5.7%
2010 958 −7.8%
Est. 2015 921 −3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
Sudan water tower
Municipal water tower in Sudan, Texas

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,039 people, 410 households, and 293 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,145.3 people per square mile (440.8/km²). There were 460 housing units at an average density of 507.1 per square mile (195.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.11% White, 5.39% African American, 0.19% Native American, 18.86% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.93% of the population.

There were 410 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 83.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,736, and the median income for a family was $37,679. Males had a median income of $30,288 versus $22,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,727. About 14.5% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.9% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable Sudan I.S.D. Alumni

  • Dr. Robert J. Salem, MD, FACS, pioneering heart surgeon in West Texas renowned for role in bringing heart surgery to the South Plains, and in the establishment of Texas Tech Medical School.
  • Taylor Whitley (born 1980), NFL player for the Miami Dolphins, Denver Broncos, and the Washington Redskins.
  • Vendyl Jones (1930 - 2010), an American Noahide scholar who directed archaeological searches for artifacts such as the Ark of the Covenant.
  • Kidron Lewis (born 1979), political consultant and campaign aide to both U.S. Representative Martin Frost (former Chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee and the House Democratic Caucus) and Secretary Hillary Rodham Clinton.
  • Kelly R. Lusk (born 1980), Attorney, Staff Editor of the New York University Law Review
  • Krista Kirkland-Gerlich, head coach of West Texas A&M University's Lady Buffs, Former Texas Tech Lady Raiders basketball player on the 1993 NCAA women's basketball championship team.
  • Chelsea Lewis (born 1984), former adjunct instructor of Mathematics at Texas Tech University, and recipient of the prestigious PEER fellowship funded by the National Science Foundation to use interdisciplinary mathematics and biology to conduct research on zoonotic diseases such as the hantavirus, bird flu, and swine flu.
  • Dr. Brian John May, president of Angelo State University.
  • Kevin James May DVM, co owner of El Cajon Valley Veterinary Hospital, El Cajon, CA
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