kids encyclopedia robot

Tawny-crowned honeyeater facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Tawny-crowned honeyeater
Tawny-crowned Honeyeater 2 - Maddens Plains.jpg
Scientific classification
Synonyms
  • Phylidonyris melanops

The tawny-crowned honeyeater (Gliciphila melanops) is a passerine bird native to southern Australia.

Taxonomy

The tawny-crowned honeyeater was originally described by ornithologist John Latham in 1801 as Certhia melanops. Its specific epithet is derived from the Ancient Greek terms melano- 'black' and ōps 'face'.

It was previously classified in the genus Phylidonyris but a recent molecular study has shown it to be more distantly related to members of that genus. It was placed in the genus Gliciphila by Gregory Mathews in 1912, and this name was used in its current binomial name. DNA analysis has shown honeyeaters to be related to the Pardalotidae (pardalotes), Acanthizidae (Australian warblers, scrubwrens, thornbills, etc.), and Maluridae (Australian fairy-wrens) in the large superfamily Meliphagoidea.

There are two recognized subspecies of tawny-crowned honeyeater: the nominate race, G. melanops melanops, and G. melanops chelidonia. G. melanops chelidonia is endemic to Tasmania and has a rufous tinge to its plumage.

Distribution

The tawny-crowned honeyeater is found from the North Coast of New South Wales through to the Eyre Peninsula in South Australia, as well as in Victoria and Tasmania. It also occurs in southwest Western Australia from Israelite Bay westwards. Its natural habitat is low shrubland and heath. It has been extirpated from urban Sydney since 1971.

Breeding

The breeding season may take place from June to December. The bulky cup-shaped nest is made of bark, grass, and even seaweed, and lined with softer material such as fur or wool. It is hidden among shrubby vegetation. The clutch size is usually two or three, and occasionally four. Measuring 21 x 14 mm, the oval eggs are beige, with buff or pink-tinged splotches.

Gallery

kids search engine
Tawny-crowned honeyeater Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.