Timeline of Jacksonville, Florida facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Jacksonville, Florida, USA.

Prior to 20th century

History of Florida
Seal of Florida.svg
The seal of Florida reflects the state's Native American ancestry
Historical Periods
Pre-history until 1497
Spanish Rule 1513–1763
British Rule 1763–1783
Spanish Rule 1783–1821
U.S. Territorial Period 1822–1845
Statehood 1845–present
Major Events
American Revolutionary War 1775–1783
War of 1812 1811–1814
First Seminole War 1817–1818
Capitol moved to
Tallahassee
1824
Second Seminole War 1835–1842
Constitutional convention 1838
Third Seminole War 1855–1858
Ordinance of Secession 1861
Civil War 1861–1865
3rd Constitution 1865
Reconstruction 1865–1868
4th Constitution 1868
5th Constitution 1885
Great Migration 1910–1930
Land Boom 1925–1929
6th Constitution 1968
Gore v. Harris
2000 Presidential Election
2000
Timeline
  • 1564 - French Fort Caroline established by René Goulaine de Laudonnière.
  • 1565 - Spanish forces take Fort Caroline.
  • 1822
    • Settlement named "Jacksonville" to honor Andrew Jackson.
    • Town grid laid out.
    • Jacksonville becomes seat of newly formed Duval County.
  • 1832
    • Town incorporated.
    • William J. Mills becomes mayor.
  • 1838 - Bethel Baptist Church established.
  • 1845 - Florida becomes part of the United States.
  • 1846 - October 12: Gale.
  • 1857 - City Park created.
  • 1858 - Florida, Atlantic & Gulf Central Railroad begins operating.
  • 1862 - Town occupied by Union forces.
  • 1869 - St. James Hotel built.
  • 1871 - Furchgott, Benedict & Co. dry goods store in business.
  • 1872 - Cookman Institute established.
  • 1873 - Florida Circulating Library active.
  • 1875 - Windsor Hotel built.
  • 1876
    • Duval High School established.
    • Union Congregational Church built.
  • 1877 - Board of Health established.
  • 1878 - Library and Literary Association formed.
  • 1881 - Florida Daily Times begins publication.
  • 1882
    • Synagogue dedicated.
    • Florida Baptist Academy established.
  • 1884 - Board of Trade organized.
  • 1885 - Park Opera House in business.
  • 1886 - Boylan Industrial Home and school established.
  • 1887
    • Yellow fever epidemic.
    • The Metropolis newspaper begins publication.
    • St. Andrew's Episcopal Church built.
  • 1888 - Subtropical Exposition held.
  • 1890 - Population: 17,201.
  • 1892 - Edward Waters College active.
  • 1893 - Streetcars began operating.
  • 1897 - Woman's Club founded.

20th century

1900s-1950s

  • 1900 - "Lift Every Voice and Sing" song first performed.
  • 1901
    • May 3: Great Fire of 1901.
    • Brewster Hospital established.
    • Continental Hotel opens.
  • 1903
    • Mason Park opens.
    • Florida Automobile Association organized.
  • 1904
    • Lincoln Park opens.
    • First Baptist Church built.
  • 1905
    • Jacksonville Free Public Library opens.
    • Protestant Union Revival held.
  • 1907
    • Manhattan Beach opens.
    • Dixieland Amusement Park opens in South Jacksonville.
    • South Jacksonville chartered as a city.
  • 1908 - Filmmaker Kalem Studios active.
  • 1909 - YMCA building constructed.
  • 1910
  • 1912
    • St. James Building constructed.
    • City Rotary Club formed.
  • 1914 - Jacksonville Zoological Park established.
  • 1917
  • 1920 – Population: 91,558.
  • 1921 - St. Johns River Bridge opens.
  • 1923 - John T. Alsop becomes mayor.
  • 1925 - Negro Welfare League organized.
  • 1926 - Carling Hotel opens.
  • 1927 - Florida Theatre and 5 Points Theatre built.
  • 1928 - Gator Bowl Stadium built.
  • 1929 - Jacksonville Historical Society founded.
  • 1930 – Population: 129,549.
  • 1934 - Jacksonville Junior College established.
  • 1938 - Theatre Jacksonville built.
  • 1940
    • U.S. military Naval Air Station Jacksonville commissioned.
    • Population: 173,065.
  • 1946 - Annual Gator Bowl college football game begins.
  • 1947
    • Jacksonville Urban League formed.
    • Hanna Park created.
  • 1949 - W. Haydon Burns becomes mayor.
  • 1950 - Population: 204,517.
  • 1953 - Mathews Bridge opens.
  • 1955 - Jacksonville Expressway Authority established.

1960s-1990s

  • 1960
    • August: "Ax Handle Saturday" racial unrest.
    • Population: 201,030.
  • 1962 - Civic Auditorium opens.
  • 1963 - December- Hotel Roosevelt fire
  • 1964 - Hurricane Dora occurs.
  • 1967 - "Mary Singleton and Sallye Mathis became the first female African Americans elected to the City Council."
  • 1968
    • Consolidation of city and Duval County governments.
    • Hans Tanzler becomes mayor.
  • 1970 - Population: 528,865.
  • 1979 - Jake Godbold becomes mayor.
  • 1980
    • Foreign trade zone established.
    • Population: 540,920.
  • 1984 - Jacksonville Bulls football team formed.
  • 1989 - The Jacksonville Skyway begins operating
  • 1990 - Population: 635,230.
  • 1993 - Corrine Brown becomes U.S. representative for Florida's 3rd congressional district.
  • 1995
    • Jacksonville Jaguars football team formed.
    • Jacksonville Municipal Stadium opens.
    • John Delaney becomes mayor.
  • 1998 - City website online (approximate date).[chronology citation needed]

21st century

  • 2000
    • "Better Jacksonville Plan" for urban growth approved.
    • Population: 735,617.
  • 2001 - Ander Crenshaw becomes U.S. representative for Florida's 4th congressional district.
  • 2003 - May 13: Jacksonville mayoral election, 2003 held; John Peyton wins.
  • 2010 - Population: 821,784.
  • 2011 - March 22: Jacksonville mayoral election, 2011 held; Alvin Brown wins. He was the city's first elected African-American mayor.
  • 2013 - Corrine Brown becomes U.S. representative for Florida's 3rd congressional district again.
  • 2015 - Lenny Curry becomes mayor.

Timeline of Jacksonville, Florida Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.