Timeline of Memphis, Tennessee facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Memphis, Tennessee, USA.

Prior to 19th century

History of Tennessee
  • By year
  • Pre-statehood
  • U.S. Civil War
  • Since 1900
  • Topics: African-Americans - Cities - Politics
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  • 1739 - Fort Assumption built by French.
  • 1740 - Fort Assumption abandoned.
  • 1797 - U.S. fort built.

19th century

  • 1819 - Town laid out.
  • 1826 - Town incorporated.
  • 1827
    • Memphis Advocate newspaper begins publication.
    • Marcus B. Winchester becomes mayor.
  • 1836 - Memphis Enquirer newspaper begins publication.
  • 1841 - The Appeal newspaper begins publication.
  • 1843
    • New Orleans-Memphis telegraph begins operating.
    • Memphis Daily Eagle newspaper begins publication.
  • 1844 - Calvary Episcopal Church consecrated.
  • 1849 - Memphis incorporated as a city.
  • 1850
    • Town designated a port of customs.
    • Population: 8,841.
  • 1852 - Elmwood Cemetery established.
  • 1853 - Congregation B'nai Israel founded.
  • 1854 - Jones & Co. chemists in business.
  • 1855 - German Benevolent Society formed.
  • 1857 - Memphis & Charleston Railroad completed.
  • 1858 - Memphis Daily Avalanche newspaper begins publication.
  • 1860 - Population: 22,623.
  • 1861 - Memphis and Ohio Railroad completed.
  • 1862
    • Tennessee capital relocated to Memphis from Nashville.
    • June 6: Battle of Memphis takes place on Mississippi River near town; Union forces take Memphis.
  • 1864
    • August 21: Second Battle of Memphis.
    • First National Bank of Memphis established.
  • 1866
    • May: Racial unrest.
    • Greenwood School established.
    • Memphis Post begins publication.
  • 1868 - Peabody Hotel in business.
  • 1870
    • Goldsmith's store in business.
    • Population: 40,226.
  • 1871
    • LeMoyne Normal Institute and College of Christian Brothers established.
    • St. Mary's Episcopal Cathedral consecrated.
  • 1873 - Yellow fever epidemic.
  • 1874 - Memphis Cotton Exchange founded.
  • 1875 - Southwestern at Memphis (college) established.
  • 1878 - Yellow fever epidemic.
  • 1879 - Yellow fever epidemic.
  • 1880 - Population: 33,592.
  • 1882
    • Tabernacle Missionary Baptist Church established.
    • Chickasaw Cooperage Company incorporated.
  • 1883 - Young Men's Christian Association chartered.
  • 1885 - Peoples Grocery in business.
  • 1887 - Memphis National Bank organized.
  • 1890
    • Nineteenth Century Club formed.
    • Population: 64,589.
  • 1891 - City rechartered.
  • 1892 - Railroad bridge constructed.
  • 1899 - Manassas High School established.

20th century

1900s-1940s

  • 1900 - Population: 102,320.
  • 1905 - Madison Hotel built.
  • 1906 - Memphis Zoo and Overton Park established.
  • 1910
    • Commission form of government begins.
    • Exchange Building constructed.
    • E. H. Crump becomes mayor.
    • Population: 131,105.
  • 1911 - Urban League branch established.
  • 1912 - Handy's The Memphis Blues (song) published.
  • 1914 - Union Avenue United Methodist Church built.
  • 1915 - Guthrie Elementary School founded.
  • 1916
    • Harahan Bridge opens to West Memphis, Arkansas.
    • Memphis Brooks Museum of Art established.
    • Piggly Wiggly grocery in business.
  • 1917
  • 1919 - Citizens' Co-operative Stores incorporated.
  • 1920
    • City hosts Commission on Interracial Cooperation Women's Interracial Conference.
    • Population: 162,351.
  • 1922 - Mississippi Boulevard Christian Church established.
  • 1924 - Lincoln American Tower built.
  • 1929 - Memphis Municipal Airport dedicated.
  • 1930
    • Memphis Museum of Natural History and Industrial Arts opens.
    • Sterick Building constructed.
    • Population: 253,143.
  • 1931
    • Memphis World newspaper begins publication.
    • Cotton Carnival begins.
  • 1932 - Memphis Times newspaper begins publication.
  • 1936 - Memphis Academy of Art founded.
  • 1937 - Firestone factory in operation in Hyde Park.
  • 1938 - Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception built.
  • 1939 - First Colored Baptist Church built.
  • 1940 - Population: 292,942.
  • 1941 - Mason Temple built.
  • 1945 - Lorraine Motel in business.
  • 1946
    • Douglass High School opens.
    • Tri-State Bank established.
  • 1947 - WDIA radio begins broadcasting.

1950s-1990s

  • 1950 - Population: 396,000.
  • 1956 - Opera Memphis established.
  • 1957 - Satellite Records in business.
  • 1960
  • 1965 - 100 North Main building and White Station Tower constructed.
  • 1968
  • 1936 - Sesquicentennial Celebration
  • 1970
    • Vollintine-Evergreen Community Association organized.
    • Population: 623,530.
  • 1971 - Clark Tower built.
  • 1972 - National Bank of Commerce building constructed.
  • 1973 - May: City hosts Rock Writers of the World Convention.
  • 1974 - Women's Resource Center founded.
  • 1975 - Hyatt hotel opens.
  • 1976 - Temple Israel built.
  • 1977 - Memphis in May festival begins.
  • 1978 - Muslim Society of Memphis founded.
  • 1980 – Population: 646,356.
  • 1985
    • Tall Trees (prison) privatised.
    • Morgan Keegan Tower built.
  • 1990 - Population: 610,337.
  • 1991
    • National Civil Rights Museum and Pyramid Arena open.
    • Willie Herenton becomes mayor.
  • 1996 - City website online.

21st century

  • 2002 - June 8: Lennox Lewis vs. Mike Tyson boxing match.
  • 2003
    • Clark Opera Memphis Center opens.
    • July 22: Memphis Summer Storm of 2003, also known as "Hurricane Elvis".
    • December 18: Airplane crash.
  • 2007 - Steve Cohen becomes U.S. representative for Tennessee's 9th congressional district.
  • 2008 - February 5–6: Tornado outbreak.
  • 2009
    • October: A C Wharton elected mayor.
    • City open government standard enacted.
  • 2012 - Population: 655,155.
  • 2015 - October 8: Jim Strickland elected mayor.

Timeline of Memphis, Tennessee Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.