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Triana, Alabama
Location in Madison County, Alabama
Location in Madison County, Alabama
Country United States
State Alabama
County Madison
Incorporated November 13, 1819
 • Total 2.82 sq mi (7.31 km2)
 • Land 2.80 sq mi (7.26 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
623 ft (190 m)
 • Total 2,890
 • Density 1,031.7/sq mi (398.34/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 256
FIPS code 01-76824
GNIS feature ID 0157170

Triana is a town in Madison County, Alabama, United States, and is included in the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2020 census, the population of the town was 2,890, up from 496 at the 2010 census.


Triana was originally incorporated on November 13, 1819 as the second town in Madison County. It purportedly was named after Rodrigo de Triana, the crewman who first sighted land while sailing with Christopher Columbus on their first voyage to the Americas. For a time in the 19th century, it was a thriving riverport on the Tennessee River prior to the construction of the railroads. Its incorporation later lapsed and it was reincorporated on July 13, 1964. As of the 2000 and 2010 U.S. Censuses, it is the only incorporated community in Madison County with a majority black population.


Triana is located at 34°35′15″N 86°44′11″W / 34.58750°N 86.73639°W / 34.58750; -86.73639 (34.587456, -86.736251).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.27 square miles (3.28 km2), of which 1.25 square miles (3.23 km2) is land and 0.019 square miles (0.05 km2), or 1.58%, is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 146
1970 228
1980 285 25.0%
1990 499 75.1%
2000 458 −8.2%
2010 496 8.3%
2020 2,890 482.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

2020 census

Triana racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 1,118 38.69%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,207 41.76%
Native American 9 0.31%
Asian 102 3.53%
Pacific Islander 7 0.24%
Other/Mixed 218 7.54%
Hispanic or Latino 229 7.92%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 2,890 people, 384 households, and 238 families residing in the town.

DDT pollution

In 1977, the EPA issued warnings that fish and waterfowl from the Huntsville Spring Branch had shown high levels of Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) in their bodies. Two years later, the EPA began to investigate how the pollutant had contaminated the water supply of the area. The findings indicated that the pollutant came from the Olin Corporation's production of the chemical on Redstone Arsenal. Lawsuits were filed against Olin Corporation by residents of Triana, as well as the United States Department of Justice. These lawsuits were eventually settled.

The water near Triana was monitored by the EPA from 1982-1995 to track the levels of DDT that was still in the Huntsville Spring Branch. During that time, the amount of DDT in the water was reduced by 97%. The EPA now considers the physical cleanup process for the site to be complete. Despite this, it is still on the Agency's Superfund list.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Triana (Alabama) para niños

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