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Troup, Texas
Downtown Troup
Downtown Troup
"The Good Neighbor Town"
Location of Troup, Texas
Location of Troup, Texas
Smith County Troup.svg
Country United States
State Texas
Counties Smith, Cherokee
 • Total 2.41 sq mi (6.24 km2)
 • Land 2.40 sq mi (6.22 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
456 ft (139 m)
 • Total 1,869
 • Density 775.8/sq mi (299.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-73724
GNIS feature ID 1348809

Troup is a city in Smith and Cherokee counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 1,869 at the 2010 census. Troup lies in two counties as well as two core based statistical areas. The Smith County portion of the city is part of the Tyler Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the Cherokee County portion is part of the Jacksonville Micropolitan Statistical Area.


Troup is situated between the two very old Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Creek intertribal settlements of Nanih Shinuk (Sand Hill) and Ofunlo Hina (Screech Owl Bend), whose descendants still live there.

Troup was developed as a railroad town when the International Railroad Company opened the Palestine-Troupe line in 1872. The town was platted in 1873.

The town may have been named after a governor or a county in Georgia.


Troup is located in southeastern Smith County at 32°8′40″N 95°7′12″W / 32.14444°N 95.12°W / 32.14444; -95.12 (32.144382, -95.120018). The city limits extend south into Cherokee County. Texas State Highway 110 passes through the center of town, leading northwest 19 miles (31 km) to Tyler and south 26 miles (42 km) to Rusk. Texas State Highway 135 shares two blocks of Duval Street (Named after John Crittendon Duval the only survivor of the Goliad Massacre,and known as the Father of Texas Literature)with Highway 110 in the center of town and leads northeast 25 miles (40 km) to Kilgore and southwest 17 miles (27 km) to Jacksonville.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Troup has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.44%, is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 352
1890 465 32.1%
1900 724 55.7%
1910 1,126 55.5%
1920 1,258 11.7%
1930 1,318 4.8%
1940 1,526 15.8%
1950 1,539 0.9%
1960 1,667 8.3%
1970 1,668 0.1%
1980 1,911 14.6%
1990 1,659 −13.2%
2000 1,949 17.5%
2010 1,869 −4.1%
Est. 2015 1,966 5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,949 people, 731 households, and 491 families residing in the city. The population density was 829.9 people per square mile (320.2/km²). There were 839 housing units at an average density of 357.3 per square mile (137.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.01% White, 20.88% African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 3.03% from other races, and 1.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.93% of the population.

There were 731 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 81.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,969, and the median income for a family was $35,750. Males had a median income of $30,761 versus $18,370 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,554. About 13.6% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 19.1% of those age 65 or over.

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