Smith County, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Smith County, Texas
Seal of Smith County, Texas
Map

Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded July 1846
Seat Tyler
Largest City Tyler
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

950 sq mi (2,460 km²)
921 sq mi (2,385 km²)
28 sq mi (73 km²), 3.0%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

209,714
228/sq mi (88/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.smith-county.com

Smith County is located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 209,714. Its county seat is Tyler. Smith County is named for James Smith, a general during the Texas Revolution.

Smith County is part of the Tyler, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Tyler-Jacksonville, TX Tyler-Jacksonville Combined Statistical Area.

History

Wall of Memories, Tyler, TX IMG 0472
Smith County veterans display, the Wall of Memories, in the Tyler plaza
Confederate memorial, Smith County, TX IMG 0477
Confederate States of America memorial in Tyler plaza
Korean War Veterans Memorial, Tyler, TX IMG 0491
Korean War Memorial in Tyler plaza

The first known inhabitants of the area now known as Smith County were the Caddo Indians. In July 1846 Smith County separated from the Nacogdoches District and was named for James Smith, a General of the Texas Revolution. It was at this time that Tyler was designated as the county seat.

Camp Ford was the largest Confederate Prisoner of War Camp west of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War and was where Sheriff Jim Reed of Collin County and Judge McReynolds, former chief justice of the district, were seized and lynched by "Regulators." The original site of the Camp stockade is now a public historic park, owned by Smith County, Texas, and managed by the Smith County Historical Society. The park contains a kiosk, paved trail, interpretive signage, a cabin reconstruction, and a picnic area. It is located on Highway 271, 0.8 miles north of Loop 323.

The Smith County Historical Society, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, was founded in 1959 by individuals and business firms dedicated to discovering, collecting and preserving data, records and other items relating to the history of Smith County, Texas. More information can be found at the Smith County Historical Society Website.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 950 square miles (2,500 km2), of which 921 square miles (2,390 km2) is land and 28 square miles (73 km2) (3.0%) is water.

The county infrastructure includes some 1,180 miles (1,900 km) of two lane county road.

Major highways

  • I-20.svg Interstate 20
  • US 69.svg U.S. Highway 69
  • US 80.svg U.S. Highway 80
  • US 271.svg U.S. Highway 271
  • Texas 31.svg State Highway 31
  • Texas 57.svg State Highway 57
  • Texas 64.svg State Highway 64
  • Texas 110.svg State Highway 110
  • Texas 135.svg State Highway 135
  • Texas 155.svg State Highway 155
  • Texas Loop 49.svgToll Texas 49 new.svg Loop 49
  • Texas Loop 323.svg Loop 323

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 4,292
1860 13,392 212.0%
1870 16,532 23.4%
1880 21,863 32.2%
1890 28,324 29.6%
1900 37,370 31.9%
1910 41,746 11.7%
1920 46,769 12.0%
1930 53,123 13.6%
1940 69,090 30.1%
1950 74,701 8.1%
1960 86,350 15.6%
1970 97,096 12.4%
1980 128,366 32.2%
1990 151,309 17.9%
2000 174,706 15.5%
2010 209,714 20.0%
Est. 2015 222,936 6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2010, there were 209,714 people and 76,427 households residing in the county. The population density was 227.6 people per square mile (73/km²). There were 87,309 housing units. The racial makeup of the county was 70.1% White, 17.9% Black or African American, 0.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.2% Asian, and 2.0% persons reporting two or more races. 17.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 76,427 households, out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of a householder living alone. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.13.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,139. The per capita income for the county was $25,374. About 15.4% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.60% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns


Smith County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.