Jacksonville, Texas facts for kids

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Jacksonville, Texas
City
Capital One Bank in Jacksonville is located near the intersection of Highways 69 and 79.
Capital One Bank in Jacksonville is located near the intersection of Highways 69 and 79.
Nickname(s): The Biggest Small Town in Texas
Location of Jacksonville, Texas
Location of Jacksonville, Texas
Cherokee County Jacksonville.svg
Country  United States
State  Texas
County Cherokee
Area
 • Total 14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)
 • Land 14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 522 ft (159 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 14,544
 • Density 1,031.5/sq mi (397.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75766
Area code(s) 430, 903
FIPS code 48-37216
GNIS feature ID 1374262
Website http://www.jacksonville-texas.com/
Jacksonville, TX, welcome sign IMG 2985
The city's welcome sign
Landmark Inn in Jacksonville, TX IMG 2993
This building in downtown Jacksonville once housed the city's longtime post office location. It has since been the site of the Landmark Inn and Restaurant as well as classes for the hospitality program of the former Lon Morris College.
Jacksonville, TX City Hall IMG 3013
Former bank building that previously housed Jacksonville's City Hall
Austin Bank of Jacksonville, TX IMG 3009
Austin Bank in Jacksonville
Memorial to War Dead, Jacksonville, TX IMG 3006
Memorial to World War I Dead (1928) in Jacksonville
Baptist Missionary Association Theological Seminary, Jacksonville, TX IMG 4433
Baptist Missionary Association Theological Seminary, an entity of the Baptist Missionary Association of America, is located off U.S. Highway 69 in northern Jacksonville.
Central Baptist Church in Jacksonville, TX IMG 2987
Central Baptist Church is located, not downtown, but in eastern Jacksonville.
First Presbyterian Church in Jacksonville, TX IMG 3004
First Presbyterian Church in Jacksonville

Jacksonville is a city located in Cherokee County, Texas, United States. The population was 14,544 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of the Jacksonville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Cherokee County, and part of the larger Tyler–Jacksonville combined statistical area.

Jacksonville is located in an area of rolling hills in East Texas, north of the county seat, Rusk, and south of Tyler, in neighboring Smith County, on U.S. Route 69. The north-south Highway 69 intersects the east-west U.S. Route 79 at the former Landmark Hotel/Restaurant and the Capital One Bank building in downtown Jacksonville.

Area production and shipping of tomatoes gained the town the title "Tomato Capital of the World". The impressive red iron ore rock Tomato Bowl, built by Works Progress Administration workers during the Great Depression, is home to the Jacksonville High School "Fightin' Indians" football and soccer teams. Annual events include the "Tomato Fest" celebration in June and the "Tops in Texas Rodeo" held in July.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 349
1890 970 177.9%
1900 1,558 60.6%
1910 2,875 84.5%
1920 3,723 29.5%
1930 6,748 81.3%
1940 7,213 6.9%
1950 8,607 19.3%
1960 9,590 11.4%
1970 9,734 1.5%
1980 12,264 26.0%
1990 12,765 4.1%
2000 13,868 8.6%
2010 14,544 4.9%
Est. 2015 14,884 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,868 people, 4,882 households, and 3,358 families residing in the city. The population density was 981.0 people per square mile (378.7/km2). There were 5,397 housing units at an average density of 381.8 per square mile (147.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 62.60% White, 21.70% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 12.72% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.04% of the population.

There were 4,882 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 29.2% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,800, and the median income for a family was $31,176. Males had a median income of $23,650 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,541. About 19.2% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 17.7% of those age 65 or over.

History

Jacksonville began in 1847 as the town of Gum Creek. Jackson Smith built a home and blacksmith shop in the area, and became postmaster in 1848, when a post office was authorized. Shortly afterward, Dr. William Jackson established an office near Smith's shop. When the townsite was laid out in 1850, the name Jacksonville was chosen in honor of these two men. The name of the post office was changed from Gum Creek to Jacksonville in June 1850.

Geography

Jacksonville is located a 31°57′49″N 95°16′07″W / 31.963525°N 95.268629°W / 31.963525; -95.268629.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.1 square miles (37 km2), of which 14.1 square miles (37 km2) is land and 0.07% is water.

Surrounding municipalities

Weather chart for Jacksonville, Texas
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
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temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: Weather.com / NWS

Climate

  • On average, the warmest month is July.
  • The highest recorded temperature was 110 °F (43 °C) in 1954.
  • On average, the coolest month is January.
  • The lowest recorded temperature was 5 °F (−15 °C) in 1982.
  • The most precipitation on average occurs in May.

Transportation

Many highways pass through and intersect in Jacksonville: US 69, US 79, US 175, TX 135, TX 204, FM 347, FM 768, FM 2138, and Loop 456. Where 3 railroads once served the Jacksonville area (Southern Pacific and Cotton Belt abandoned their tracks in the mid-1980s), only 1, Union Pacific, remains. Bus service is provided by Greyhound Lines, while pilots of small airplanes can avail themselves of the Cherokee County Airport a few miles south of town. Many shipping and trucking firms can serve area customers, or pass through town to several important points directly from Jacksonville, including, Beaumont, Houston, Austin, Dallas-Fort Worth, Kansas City, Shreveport, and Memphis.

Lake Jacksonville

Lake Jacksonville is located three miles (5 km) southwest of Jacksonville. It is the city's primary water source. In addition, it is a popular location for recreation and residences. It was created in 1957 and the city expected it to take years to fill with water from the surrounding creeks. But, with an unusually rainy season, the lake reached full capacity in only a year.

  • Lake characteristics
Location: 3 miles southwest of Jacksonville off US 79
Surface area: 1,320 acres
Maximum depth: 62 feet
Impounded: 1957

An attempt to unionize meatcutters at Walmart

Despite never having organized unions in any Walmart stores before, meatcutters working at the Jacksonville Walmart voted in favor of organizing under the wing of the United Food and Commercial Workers union in February 2000. During a flurry of subsequent legal actions, Walmart discontinued store-level meatcutting and started shipping in pre-packaged/pre-frozen meat to their stores. When all the hearings and appeals were exhausted, it was decided that the local meatcutters didn't embody the characteristics of a group that could bargain since they weren't specialized, while Walmart was found to have engaged in unfair labor practices. Even now, there is no one in the Jacksonville meat department to make special cuts of meat or any union presence there.


Jacksonville, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.