Upshur County, Texas facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Upshur County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Abel P. Upshur|
|• Total||593 sq mi (1,540 km2)|
|• Land||583 sq mi (1,510 km2)|
|• Water||9.7 sq mi (25 km2) 1.6%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||68.96/sq mi (26.625/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Congressional districts||1st, 4th|
Upshur County is a county located in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 40,892. The county seat is Gilmer. The county is named for Abel P. Upshur, who was U.S. Secretary of State during President John Tyler's administration.
Humans have inhabited what is now Upshur county since at least 10,000 years ago. The Caddoan people lived in this area, but were driven out about 1750, probably due to losses from new infectious diseases carried chronically by Europeans.
Later some Cherokee migrated to the area from their territories in the Southeast - Georgia and Alabama. The Cherokee were driven out of here by European-American settlers in 1839, after having been removed from the Southeast.
Upshur County has the distinction of being the county that has the largest settlement in Texas organized by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In 1904 the Latter-day Saint South-western States Mission organized a colony at Kelsey, Texas.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 593 square miles (1,540 km2), of which 583 square miles (1,510 km2) is land and 9.7 square miles (25 km2) (1.6%) is water.
- U.S. Highway 80
- U.S. Highway 259
- U.S. Highway 271
- State Highway 154
- State Highway 155
- State Highway 300
- Camp County (north)
- Morris County (northeast)
- Marion County (east)
- Harrison County (southeast)
- Gregg County (south)
- Smith County (southwest)
- Wood County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||32,257||31,287||82.06%||76.51%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||3,388||2,908||8.62%||7.11%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||206||261||0.52%||0.64%|
|Asian alone (NH)||146||177||0.37%||0.43%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||3||9||0.01%||0.02%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||35||150||0.09%||0.37%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||661||2,114||1.68%||5.17%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||2,613||3,986||6.65%||9.75%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
In popular culture
- The singer-songwriter Michelle Shocked, who grew up in Gilmer, refers to Upshur County in several of her songs.
- Author Edward Hancock II sets many of his stories in and around Upshur County, Texas.
These school districts serve Upshur County:
- Big Sandy ISD (partly in Wood County)
- Gilmer ISD (small portion in Camp County)
- Gladewater ISD (mostly in Gregg County, partly in Smith County)
- Harmony ISD (partly in Wood County)
- New Diana ISD (small portion in Harrison County)
- Ore City ISD (small portion in Harrison, Marion counties)
- Pittsburg ISD (mostly in Camp County, small portion in Wood County)
- Union Grove ISD
- Union Hill ISD (mostly in Upshur County, partly in Wood County)
Images for kids
In Spanish: Condado de Upshur (Texas) para niños
Upshur County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.